Oats (Avena sativa)

Description

 

Resources

58 resources available. Click on the image to preview, click on the publisher link to download.

Chickpea wilt

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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS www.plantwise.org Created in India , October 2013 Chickpea Wilt Recognize the problem Chickpea wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris is one of the major yield limiting factors in chickpea and is also known as “ Mar disease ” in Marathi. The disease causes 10–90% yield losses annually in chickpea. When the disease occurs at seedling stage, seedlings collapse and lie flat on the soil surface. In adult plants, the characteristic symptom is a brown to black discoloration of the xylem...

Published at: plantwise.org

Cultural control of the Andean potato weevil

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Published at: plantwise.org

Sunn pest of wheat

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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS www.plantwise.org Created in Afghanistan , October 2012 Sunn Pest of Wheat Recognize the problem The Sunn pest is a dusty brown insect that is found all over Afghanistan especially on wheat, barley and oat crops. After hatching from an egg, it has five growth stages and four of them feed on wheat. Their eggs are green and are laid in groups. Adults have a typical triangular head. Background Sunn pests damage the entire crop yield. Wheat crops infested with Sunn pests are not suitable for consumption or making bread as they...

Published at: plantwise.org

Wintercereals north manual July13

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                Winter cereals* insect pest management   Northern grains region   *Winter  ce reals  include  wheat,  barley, oats,  canary  and  triticale.Compiled  by  Melina  Miles, July 2013    This publication has  been compiled  by Melina  Miles of Crop  and Food  Science,  Queensland  Department  of Agriculture, Fisheries  and  Forestry,  and draws  on previous publications and  original research  by DPI  Entomologists  over a number  of  decades.  DAFF and GRDC   funding  for the  IPM  Workshops  project (DAQ00179)  has assisted  the preparation  of this  public ation.   Front  ...

Published at: ipmguidelinesforgrains.com.au

Cover Crops for Sustainable Crop Rotations

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06/15 CONTENTS This bulletin is a companion to SARE’s Cover Crop Topic Room, an online collection of select, mostly SARE-based resources on cover crops. Information is available at www.SARE.org/Cover-Crops on the following topics: Selection and ManageMent econoMicS eStabliShMent no-till Soil and Fertility ManageMent Water ManageMent PeSt ManageMent croP rotationS MiScellaneouS SARE’s Topic Rooms contain dozens of publications, videos and other educational materials on a wide range of topics, including local food systems, high tunnels, small ruminants and more. Visit...

Published at: sare.org

GrowNote Barley West 8 Nematodes

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SYMPTOMS AND DETECTION | VARIETAL RESISTANCE OR TOLERANCE | MANAGEMENT OF NEMATODES | TESTING FOR ROOT-LESION NEMATODES WESTERN SEPTEMBER 2018 SECTION 8 NEMATODE MANAGEMENT BARLEY 1 NEMAtoDE MANAgEMENt seCtIon 8 BARLEY WESTERN JUNE 2017 Nematode management Root-lesion nemtodes (RLN; Pratylenchus spp.) are microscopic, worm-like animals that extract nutrients from plants, causing yield loss. 1 Root-lesion nematodes are found over 5.74 million hectares (or ~65%) of the cropping area of WA and populations potentially limit yield in at least 40% of these infested paddocks...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Barley West 3 Planting

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SEED TREATMENTS | TIME OF SOWING | TARGETED PLANT POPULATION | ROW SPACING | SOWING DEPTH | SOWING EQUIPMENT WESTERN SEPTEMBER 2018 SECTION 3 PLANTING BARLEY1 PlANtINg seCtIon 3 BARLEY JUNE 2017 Planting Barley is very versatile in its planting time and can be planted relatively early in the season. Preferred planting times are from late April to June but this will vary for each region and variety depending on frosts and seasonal effects. Early planting in late April to early May will generally produce higher yields, larger grain size and lower protein levels, making...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Canola West 3 Planting

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SEED TREATMENTS | TIME OF SOWING | RETAINED SEED | TARGETED PLANT POPULATION | ROW SPACING | SOWING DEPTH | SEED PLACEMENT | SOWING EQUIPMENT WESTERN SEPTEMBER 2018 SECTION 3 PLANTING CANOLA SECTION 3 CAnolA - Planting 1Know more. Grow more. August 2015 FeedbackTable of Contents SECTION 3 Planting 3.1 Seed treatments 3.1.1 Insecticide treatments Imidacloprid products, such as Gaucho® 600 or Picus, are registered for use on canola seed, for seedling protection against low pressure redlegged earth mite, blue oat mite and aphids. These chemicals work...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GRDC GrowNotes Durum Western

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PLANNING AND PADDOCK PREPARATION PLANTING PLANT GROWTH (PHENOLOGY) NUTRITION AND FERTILISER DISEASES WEEDS AND HERBICIDES PESTS AND INSECTS FROST AND HEAT STRESS HARVEST GRAIN MARKETING CURRENT RESEARCH GRDC AND INDUSTRY CONTACTS WESTERN DURUM DECEMBER 2017 GROWNOTES TMii DURUM Start here for answers to your immediate durum crop management issues What variety of durum should I grow? What fertilisers do I require? Are the diseases of durum manageable? Are there specific weed control issues? How do I manage pests and insects? How do I market my durum grain?   fi  ffi( )...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Durum West 8 Frost

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WESTERN JUNE 2018 FROST OVERVIEW | STAGES OF FROST DAMAGE | MANAGING SOWING TIMES AND THE SEASON FOR FROST RISK | RISK MANAGEMENT TACTICS FOR FROST | RESEARCH AND THE GRDC NATIONAL FROST INITIATIVE (NFI) | HEAT STRESS SECTION 8 FROST AND HEAT STRESS DURUM1 frost and heat stress Section 8 DURUM frost and heat stress 8.1 frost overview On nights when still and cold air, clear skies and low humidity combine, temperatures can drop rapidly and result in radiant frost that can affect Western Australian crops. Damage can be significant when frost is severe, prolonged and/or occurs...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Durum West 0 Contents

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WESTERN JUNE 2018 CONTENTS DURUMiv Contents DURUM Contents Introduction A.1 Overview ........................................................................\ ...............................................1 A.2 Durum wheat economics and grain quality ........................................................... 3 A.3 Agronomic factors ........................................................................\ .............................. 4 A.4 Plant development and growth stages .................................................................. 5 A.5 Estimating grain yield...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GRDC GrowNotes Field Peas WESTERN

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PLANNING/PADDOCK PREPARATION PRE-PLANTING PLANTING PLANT GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND FERTILISER WEED CONTROL INSECT CONTROL NEMATODE MANAGEMENT DISEASES PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS AND CANOPY MANAGEMENT CROP DESICCATION AND SPRAY OUT HARVEST STORAGE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES MARKETING CURRENT AND PAST RESEARCH WESTERN FIELD PEAS AUGUST 2017 GROWNOTES ™DISCLAIMER: Any recommendations, suggestions or opinions contained in this publicati\ on do not necessarily represent the policy or views of the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC). No person should act on t\ he basis of...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lentil West 9 Pest Management

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WESTERN JUNE 2018 SECTION 9 PEST MANAGEMENT LENTIL KEY POINTS | INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) | IDENTIFYING PESTS | KEY PESTS OF LENTIL | OTHER PESTS OF LENTIL | OCCASIONAL PESTS OF LENTIL | EXOTIC LENTIL INSECTS – BIOSECURITY THREATS | BENEFICIAL SPECIES | COMMONLY USED REGISTERED INSECTICIDES1 pest management Section 9 LentiL June 2018 pest management Key points • the key pests of lentil in southern a ustralia are Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm), etiella, snails, slugs, aphids, redlegged earth mite\ s and lucerne flea. • Integrated pest...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lupin West 0 Table Contents

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WESTERN JUNE 2018 CONTENTS LUPIN iv GROWNOTES WESTERN JUNE 2018 Contents Contents LUPIN Introduction A.1 Crop overview .............................................................................................................. 1 A.2 Types of lupin grown in WA ....................................................................................... 1 A.2.1 Narrow leafed lupin .................................................................................................... 1 A.2.2 Albus lupin...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lupin West 12 Feed Source

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OVERVIEW | ON-FARM USES FOR LUPIN | AQUACULTURE USES | GRAZING LUPIN STUBBLES | LUPIN FOR STOCK FEED MANUFACTURE | DAIRY – AN EMERGING MARKET FOR WA LUPIN GRAIN WESTERN JUNE 2018 SECTION 12 LUPIN AS A FEED SOURCE LUPIN1 lupin as a feed source Section 12 LUPIN July 2018 lupin as a feed source 12.1 overview It is estimated about half of Western Australia’s lupin grain production is retained on- farm for use as stock feed and planting seed. Lupin growers also trade grain on the domestic and export markets to supply the stock feed manufacturing sector. The bulk of this is...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Oats West 00 Contents

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WESTERN FEBRUARY 2016 CONTENTS OATSA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 iv February 2016 Feedback Table of Contents OATs - Contents A Introduction A.1 Hay ........................................................................\ .............................................xi A.2 Grain ........................................................................\ ......................................... xii A.3 Grazing ........................................................................\ ..................................... xii A.4 Exports...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Oats West 03 Planting

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SEED TREATMENTS | TIME OF SOWING | TARGETED PLANT POPULATION | CALCULATING SEED REQUIREMENTS | SOWING DEPTH WESTERN SECTION 3 PLANTING OATS FEBRUARY 2016A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 SECTION 3 OATS - Planting 1 February 2016 Feedback Table of Contents SECTION 3 Planting 3.1 Seed treatments Seed dressing and in-furrow fungicides contain active ingredients for the control or suppression of seed-borne diseases and some fungal root rots in cereal crops. Information on fungicide active ingredients that are registered for wheat, barley, oat and...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Oats West 04 Physiology

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DORMANCY AFFECTING GERMINATION AND EMERGENCE | PLANT GROWTH STAGES WESTERN SECTION 4 PLANT GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGY OATS FEBRUARY 2016A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 SECTION 4 OATS - Plant growth and physiology 1 February 2016 Feedback Table of Contents SECTION 4 Plant growth and physiology 4.1 Dormancy affecting germination and emergence The dormant period is generally short in oats — from a few days to several weeks. 4.2 Plant growth stages A growth stage key provides farmers, advisers and researchers with a common reference for describing the...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Oats West 0A Introduction

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HAY | GRAIN | GRAZING | EXPORTS | HEALTH BENEFITS WESTERN SECTION A INTRODUCTION OATS FEBRUARY 2016A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 x February 2016 Feedback Table of Contents SECTION A OATS - Introduction SECTION A Introduction Oats make up about one per cent of land use in Western Australia’s eastern wheatbelt. Most are used as opportunity hay crops or for stockfeed. There is a lack of agronomic research into growing oats in these lower-rainfall areas— but they offer diversification and profit potential. New oat agronomy research aims to expand...

Published at: grdc.com.au

GrowNote Oats West 10 Canopy

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CANOPY MANAGEMENT WESTERN SECTION 10 CANOPY MANAGEMENT OATS FEBRUARY 2016 A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 SECTION 10 OATS - Canopy management 1Know more. Grow more. February 2016 FeedbackTable of Contents 10 SECTION 10 Canopy management 10.1 Canopy management Canopy management is the manipulation of the green surface area of the crop canopy to optimise crop yield and inputs. It is based on the premise that the crop’s canopy size and duration determine its photosynthetic capacity and therefore its overall grain productivity. Adopting...

Published at: grdc.com.au

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Names

Avena sativa in differrent languages.

Oat
Oats
Hawer
Hafer
Avena
Avoine
Avoine farine
Vanlig havre
Havre
Avena
Avena blanca
Aveia-doida
Balanco
Balanco-maior
Balanquinho
Tërshërë
Owies zwyczajny
Saat-Hafer
Suli
ჩვეულებრივი შვრია
Coirce
Tërshëra
Avena sativa
Sareen
Aveia-comum
Сулу
Yến mạch
Avea común
Howan
Obena
Uots
Afʊwanɩ
காடைக்கண்ணி
Обёос
Hjouwer
귀리
燕麥
जई
ཡུག་པོ།
Avoenne
Avin·ne
Oves setý
کاڕان
Zob
Iàn-be̍h
Rólny wows
ข้าวโอ๊ต
Olo
Kaer
Һоло
Avena
جو دوسر
Gîhagulî
Ceirch
שיבולת-שועל
Almindelig havre
ገረማ
Овес посівний
جوی
Havre
Екпе сұлы
Oves
জই
Uvedzu
Āte
اکین یولافی
Heewer
Civada
Kerc'h
Haver
Hafrar
Зэнтхъ
Авёс пасяўны
ഓട്സ്
Abrakzab
جئی
エンバク
Oti
Oat
Beyaz yulaf
Овас
Sėjamoji aviža
Avoine cultivée
ತೋಕೆ ಗೋಧಿ
Avwàn
Ait
شوفان
ਜਵੀ
Kutima aveno
Avėža
Таримал хошуу будаа
Tarpuy awina
燕麦
Obična zob
האבער
යව
Auzas
Эбиэс
Kaura
Əkin yulafı
Βρώμη
వోట్
Игүле солы
Овес
Kaar
Ovăz
Hawwer
Овёс посевной
ओट
Saat-Hafer

Q&A

Description

D. invadens is a small, agile, slug species with a reputation for pugnacity towards other slugs. Size range is 25-35 mm. The body is cylindrical, narrowing to a short but strongly truncate keel at the tail. The mantle is moderately large but less so proportionately than in D. laeve, so that the tail part of the body is clearly longer than the mantle. In living specimens the mantle is transversely wrinkled in front as in D. laeve. The body colour is variable. In Mediterranean countries a pinkish flesh-coloured ground colour is common with a translucent cuticle and few if any darker spots. This form can also occur in northern Europe. In north-west Europe two forms predominate, these are slightly or considerably darker colour forms. The most common is mid gray and translucent with lighter mantle, through the cuticle of which the shell and pale internal organs can be seen even in the field. There is a marbling of tiny darker spots, but these are difficult to see with the naked eye. In hilly or exposed areas a darker form occurs, with mid to dark grey ground colour and contrasting pale mantle on which darker spotting is particularly obvious. The respiratory pore is white-rimmed, more clearly marked in darkly pigmented specimens. The sole in most specimens is translucent grey and paler than upper body pigments. Pedal and body mucus is colourless. Internally D. invadens has a rounded, compact penis with two fairly symmetrical, slightly elongate and inturned, ‘side pockets’ comprising the penial caecum and penial lobe (see Reise et al., 2011).

Impact

D. invadens is a small, agile slug that is native to the Mediterranean and has been recorded from at least 46 countries worldwide. Until 2011, this species was known as D. panormitanum but molecular work revealed that it comprised two distinct species. This species is similar in appearance to D. laeve and as a result, the exact distribution and impact of this species is unknown. This is a particular problem in countries such as the USA and Australia and probably also in South America. D. invadens is regarded as a significant pest of agricultural crops in New Zealand (Barker, 1999) but is highly likely to be damaging in many other countries as well. References to slug damage in agricultural crops by D. laeve are very likely to refer to D. invadens. In addition to this, D. invadens is an aggressive slug which may compete with native slugs, decreasing biodiversity.

Hosts

D. invadens is a generalist slug and has been recorded causing agricultural damage to crops. Examples of these species include;Asparagus officinalis, Avena sativa, Brassica napus, B. oleracea, B. rapa, Cucurbita maxima, C. pepo, Daucus carota, Franaria vesca, Hordeum vulgare, Lactuca sativa, Solanum tuberosum, Triticum aestivum and T. durum.

Biological Control
Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita is a nematode parasite of slugs which, though most effective in controlling D. reticulatum and may also kill D. invadens (Speiser et al., 2001). However, this form of control is uneconomic for field crops at present.

Source: cabi.org
Description

The following description is from the Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)

Impact

Erechtites hieraciifolius is a fast-growing, annual herb that is native to North, Central and South America and the Caribbean. It is recorded as an environmental and agricultural weed in areas both within and outside its native distribution. Mature plants can produce large amounts of wind-dispersed seed, facilitating the colonisation of new areas. It is adapted to grow in a wide range of disturbed anthropogenic habitats and can outcompete other species to form dense populations. It may also spread as a seed contaminant of crops. Currently, it is listed as invasive in Hong Kong, Hawaii, the Galapagos Islands, French Polynesia, Palau, US Minor Outlying Islands, New Zealand and Hungary. It is also considered a potential weed in Australia, where it is under quarantine.

Hosts

E. hieraciifolius has been listed as a weed of the following crops: oat (Avena sativa), barley (Hordeum vulgare), maize (Zea mays), strawberry (Fragaria ananassa), onion (Allium cepa), carrot (Daucus carota), cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum);it is also a weed of fodder crops (e.g. Medicago sativa) and of mixed pastures (Darbyshire et al., 2012).


Source: cabi.org