Eucalyptus grandis, commonly known as flooded gum or rose gum, is a tall tree about 50 m in height with a usually straight and cylindrical trunk and smooth powdery bark. The basal part of the bark is rough and fibrous or flaky. The leaves are dark green, glossy, and arranged alternately along the branches. The flowers are white and arranged in groups of seven to eleven flowerheads. Decoction of ground branch tips is taken for relief from constipation. The leaves yield essential oil which has larvicidal activity against mosquitos. The wood is moderately strong, moderately heavy and soft, moderately durable, and resistant to dry wood borers but susceptible to termites. It is ideal for fence posts, poles, boxes, boat building, flooring, plywood, and general construction among others. The tree is planted as windbreaks.
Eucalyptus grandis is an evergreen Tree growing to 50 m by 40 m at a fast rate.
Tall, open forest in sheltered valleys and on hill slopes, often in pure or almost pure stands, sometimes in mixed forests. In the south of its range, it is found on flats and lower slopes of deep, fertile valleys and at the edge of rainforests.
Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation. In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation. Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount. Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency,,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure.
Global Crop Industrial Crop: Biomass Management: Coppice Management: Standard Other Systems: SRC
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