Lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus)

Description

 

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Names

Phaseolus lunatus in differrent languages.

Butter beans
Phaseolus bipunctatus
Phaseolus limensis
Phaseolus limensis var. limenanus
Phaseolus lunatus var. macrocarpus
Phaseolus bipunctatus Jacq.
Phaseolus inamoenus L.
Phaseolus limensis Macfad.
Phaseolus portoricensis Sprengel
Phaseolus puberulus Kunth
Phaseolus saccharatus Macfad.
Phaseolus xuaresii Zuccagni
Broad bean
Butter bean
Lima bean
Caraota de a¤o
Frijol de media luna
Frijol de monte
Frijol de ratón
Frijolillo
Gros pois
Candou
Фасоль луновидная
Limanpapu
Limaböna
Haricot de Lima
Лима пасуљ
لوبیای لیما
Roay
Phaseolus limensis
Limako babarrun
Garrofó
Kacang kratok
Phaseolus lunatus
Pónaire mhór
Limaboon
Phaseolus limensis var. limenanus
Phaseolus lunatus var. macrocarpus
Lima bean
Butter beans
Limofazeolo
Phaseolus bipunctatus
리마콩
Patani
ライマメ
ബട്ടർ ബീൻസ്
Fasola półksiężycowata
Mfiwi
Limabohne
Pwachouk
棉豆
Butter beans

Q&A

Phaseolus lunatus
Description

Herbaceous vine, twining, attaining 5-6 m in length. Stems obtuse-pentagonal or cylindrical, puberulent. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate;leaflets chartaceous, the apex acute or short-acuminate, the margins sinuate;upper surface dark green, dull, glabrous, with slightly prominent venation;lower surface pale green or glaucous, glabrous, with the primary and secondary venation prominent;terminal leaflet 5.5-11 ? 3.5-7.5 cm, rhombic or deltate, the base cuneate or truncate;lateral leaflets asymmetrically deltate, the base truncate;petiolules thickened, 3-5 mm long, pubescent;rachis 1.5-2.5 cm long;petioles 6.5-9 cm long, sulcate, puberulent, the base slightly broadened. Inflorescences of axillary pseudoracemes, erect, 3-30 cm long, the flowers in groups of 2 per node of the inflorescence;pedicels 6-9 mm long, pilose;bracteoles minute, oblong. Calyx 2-2.5 mm long, green, campanulate, pilose, the sepals deltate, subequal;corolla white or lilac, pink or bluish, the standard semicircular, 7-10 mm long, abaxially pilose, the wings obovate, unguiculate, as long as the standard, the keel spirally twisted, ca. 1 cm long;stamens 10, diadelphous, the vexillar stamen broadened at the base;ovary with hispidulous pubescence, intermingled with uncinate hairs. Fruit an oblong-falcate legume or in the form of a half-moon, flattened, 5-7 ? 1-2 cm, puberulent with uncinate hairs or glabrescent, dehiscent by valves that open in a spiral containing 2Ð4 seeds. Seeds reniform, flattened, approximately 7 mm long, reddish brown, with dark spots (Acevedo-Rodr’guez, 2005).


Source: cabi.org