Theobroma grandiflorum, otherwise known as Cupuassu, grows up to 15 m high. It is evergreen with brown bark, elongated or pyramidal crown, and bole that can be up to 30 cm in diameter. It is common is rainforests in South America. The fruits are oblong, brown, and covered with a thick and hard exocarp. The fruit pulp can be eaten raw to made into juice, jams, and desserts. Seeds of this species are used as chocolate substitute. It is rich in oil and a great source of cocoa butter. It can also be used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Medicinally, the plant is used in the treatment of abdominal pains, angina, high blood pressure, chapped skin and burns, and bruises. Plants are usually grown from seeds.
Theobroma grandiflorum is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m by 10 m at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects, Wind. Suitable for: medium and heavy soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade . It prefers moist soil.
Rainforests, usually in areas that do not become inundated. The lower tree storey of evergreen rainforests.
Management: Standard Regional Crop A plant of the hot, moist, lowland tropics. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30°c, tolerating 16 - 40°c. It requires a mean annual rainfall within the range 2,000 - 8,000mm, evenly distributed throughout the year. Requires a position where shade is provided by taller trees. Prefers a relatively rich, circumneutral soil. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, tolerating 4.5 - 8.5. The plant is not drought tolerant, being unable to withstand even short dry seasons without the protection of dense shade and local humidity. Freshly planted young trees usually grow away moderately well. A seedless variety of this species exists.