Description:

Form: Columnar, Upright or erect.

Characteristics:

Abies nordmanniana is an evergreen Tree growing to 50 m by 5 m at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone 4. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is monoecious and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light , medium and heavy soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic soils. It can grow in full shade semi-shade or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Cultivation:

Landscape Uses:Christmas tree, Pest tolerant, Screen, Specimen. Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant, especially when young, but growth is slower in dense shade. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5, but it tolerates more alkaline conditions than many other members of the genus. Prefers growing on a north-facing slope and in areas with cool wet summers. A very ornamental tree, it can hold its leaves for up to 26 years. This species grows well in most parts of Britain but it is very susceptible to damage by aphis in some parts of the country. It grows best in the Perthshire valleys of Scotland and the far west of Britain. Trees grow quickly when young, a 60cm increase within 2 years of planting out is not uncommon. It rarely exceeds this rate as it gets older though. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm in height. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance. Cultivated for timber in C. Europe. It is also sometimes grown as a 'Christmas tree'. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus. Special Features:Not North American native, There are no flowers or blooms.

Habitats:
Forests in Turkey
often with Picea spp. and often on northern slopes at elevations around 1200 - 2000 metres.
Woodland Garden Canopy
Woodland Garden Canopy

Major

Minor