Description:

Banana (Musa x paradisiaca), a hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing about 8 m in height. It is a staple food with a wide range of medicinal and other uses. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked. Male inflorescences are used as ingredient in curries. The inner stem can be boiled and eaten, or dried then made into flour. The leaves are used as food wrapper. Medicinally, different plant parts are used in the treatment of diarrhea, epilepsy, headache, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, furuncles, wounds, and swelling. Propagation is through sword suckers.

Characteristics:

Musa x paradisiaca is an evergreen Perennial growing to 8 m (26ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Birds, Bats.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant is not wind tolerant.

Cultivation:

The optimal temperature for fruit production is about 27°c, and night time temperatures should not fall much below 18°c when the fruit is ripening or flavour can be impaired. Requires a sunny sheltered position in a well-drained fertile soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5. There are very many named varieties, but two main types can be distinguished:- Dessert bananas which become very sweet when fully ripe. Plantains, which contain more carbohydrate and are more commonly cooked.

Major

Minor

Ageratum conyzoides
Aleurocanthus woglumi
Aleurodicus dispersus
Alternaria alternata
Alternaria triticina
Amblypelta lutescens
Aonidiella aurantii
Aonidiella orientalis
Armillaria tabescens
Artona catoxantha
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus niger
Athelia rolfsii
Bipolaris sacchari
Brevipalpus californicus
Brevipalpus phoenicis
Burkholderia cepacia
Cerataphis lataniae
Ceroplastes floridensis
Ceroplastes rubens
Ceroplastes rusci
Chenopodium album
Chondracris rosea
Chrysodeixis chalcites
Chrysomphalus aonidum
Cnaphalocrocis medinalis
Coccus hesperidum
Cochliobolus lunatus
Colletotrichum scovillei
Darna trima
Diaprepes abbreviatus
Dickeya dadantii
Dickeya zeae
Digitaria abyssinica
Dinurothrips hookeri
Elixothrips brevisetis
Eudocima fullonia
Geococcus citrinus
Glomerella cingulata
Haematonectria haematococca
Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus
Hemiberlesia lataniae
Heterodera oryzae
Heterodera oryzicola
Hoplolaimus indicus
Icerya aegyptiaca
Icerya seychellarum
Lepidosaphes beckii
Locusta migratoria
Maconellicoccus hirsutus
Meloidogyne graminicola
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne paranaensis
Mimosa diplotricha
Mussidia nigrivenella
Necrobia rufipes
Oryctes monoceros
Oxalis corniculata
Pantomorus cervinus
Papuana huebneri
Papuana woodlarkiana
Parasa lepida
Passiflora foetida
Pectobacterium atrosepticum
Penicillium citrinum
Phyllophaga smithi
Planococcus citri
Plectranthus monostachyus
Pseudomonas cichorii
Rastrococcus iceryoides
Rattus exulans
Rhabdoscelus obscurus
Rhynchophorus palmarum
Rosellinia bunodes
Rosellinia pepo
Scapanes australis
Scirtothrips aurantii
Scutellonema clathricaudatum
Selenaspidus articulatus
Senna obtusifolia
Sesamia nonagrioides
Setaria parviflora
Sophonia orientalis
Sorghum halepense
Spodoptera eridania
Spodoptera exigua
Spodoptera littoralis
Stellaria media
Stictococcus vayssierei
Synedrella nodiflora
Tapinoma melanocephalum
Tirathaba rufivena
Toxoptera odinae
Tridax procumbens
Xiphinema ifacolum
Musa sapidisiaca
Musa sapientum
Musa x paradisiaca
Musa paradisiaca
Bananplante
Dessertbanane
Bananondo
Bananeira
Pakova
Bannann miske
Puquchi
Fusi
Musa × paradisiaca
موز فردوسي
Zapalōtl