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Clean orchards to reduce Asian fruit fly


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Zambia
,
August
2013
Clean orchards to reduce Asian fruit fly
Recognize the problem
The Asian fruit fly is a small fly, about 8 mm in length, with yellow and small
dark brown to black markings on its wings. Larvae, also called maggots, feed
inside the fruits. Damage symptoms are dark spots on the fruits, rotting of
fruits, or falling of fruits. Fruit flies cause devastating damage to...

plantwise.org

Golden apple snail


Woolly apple aphid


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Afghanistan
,
October
2012
Woolly Apple Aphid
Recognize the problem
Woolly apple aphid is one of the most important pests in apple and can result
in high production losses.
In winter, the aphids survive as nymphs on the stems, shoots and roots of
trees, and in summer they emerge. The insects gather and feed on the sap of
plants, causing the plant to become weak and eventually die....

plantwise.org

Tomato red spider mite


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Kenya
,
October
2012
Tomato red spider mite
Recognize the problem
The tomato red spider mites are pale-orange to red and feed on the underside
of leaves. They cannot be seen easily with the naked eye. Feeding damage
caused by sucking sap appears as many shiny pale yellow marks on the top of
the tomato leaf (see lower photo). Eventually the leaves turn brown and die or
fall off....

plantwise.org

Apple woolly aphid


20147801436.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Apple Woolly Aphid
Recognize the problem
The Apply Woolly aphid is a serious pest. It reduces both the quality and yield
of apple due to regular sucking of all plant parts both above and below
ground.
Background
The aphids form densely packed colonies, covered with a white, waxy and hair-
like substance. They are found on the upper parts of the apple tree, and...

plantwise.org

Apple fungicides: resistance management


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Apple Fungicides
Resistance Managemen t
July , 201 8
The following table lists fungicides registered for use on apple in British Columbia for apple scab and powdery
mildew, categorized by resistance group. Fungicides in the same group have similar or id entical modes of
action. Over -use of fungicides in the same chemical group will lead to resistance problems . See Fungicide
Resistance Management below for best practices to help...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Eyespotted bud moth (Spilonota ocellana)


phu-eyespotted-bud-moth.jpg

Eyespotted Bud Moth
(Spilonota ocellana)
March, 2016
Hosts
Fruit trees, especially apple and cherry.
Damage
Buds - Webbed bud clusters including one or
more dead leaves.
Fruit - Shallow irregular skin tunnels and tiny
holes under dead leaf tied to apple. Larvae will
also feed on bagged apples. Damage can be
confused with that of summer generation
obliquebanded and threelined leafrollers but is
generally less extensive.
Identification
Larva -...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)


phu-codling-moth.jpg

Codling Moth
(Cydia p omonella )
March, 2016
Hosts
Apple, crabapple and pear; rarely other fruit trees in B.C.
Damage
Surface stings or holes in fruit plugged with dark masses of excreta; both types of damage allow fungi
and bacteria to enter the fruit and cause fruit rot during storage.
Codling moth larva in apple Codling moth larval entry hole (sting) on apple fruitlet
Codling moth stings on pears Codling moth adult . Photo...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Caterpillars on tree fruit


phu-caterpillars.jpg

Caterpillars
on Tree Fruit
March, 2016
These caterpillars will feed on almost all fruit
trees and many shade trees and may cause
extensive defoliation if left uncontrolled. Where
feasible, remove and destroy infested branches.
Most of the products applied for codling moth,
fruitworm and leafrol ler control will also
control any other caterpillars present. Where
an integrated pest management program is in
place, use the product least harmful...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Ambrosia beetle (Xyleborus dispar)


phu-ambrosia-beetle.jpg

Ambrosia Beetle
(Xyle borus dispar )
March, 2016
Hosts
Many native and ornamental deciduous trees
and fruit trees (apple, cherry and prune),
especially adjacent to forests; rarely conifers.
Identification
Larva - White, legless, slightly curved, up to 4
mm long
Adult female- Dark reddish -brown beetle
about 3 mm long.
Adult male - Wingless beetle about 1.5 mm
long.
Damage
Leaves - Sudden wilting and death; delayed
emergence in spring...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis


CLB-Plant-Pest-Factsheet-update-May2016v5.jpg

Citrus longhorn beetle
Anoplophora chinensis
Background
The citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), is a non-native pest that is
extremely damaging to a wide range of broadleaved trees and shrubs. It is a quarantine
pest for the European Union. The natural range of the beetle includes China, Japan and
other countries in South East Asia. The main pathway of introduction of this pest into
Europe has been with ornamental...

planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk

Harlequin bug in apple orchards


harlequin-bug-in-apple-orchards.jpg

Harlequin Bug in apple orchards
May 2015, Primefact 1403 first edition
Kevin Dodds, Development Officer Temperate Fruits, Horticulture Unit, Tumut
Background
Harlequin bug Dindymus versicolor (Herrich-
Schaeffer) (Figure 1), is a native Australian plant
bug in the family Pyrrhocoridae. Prior to the
introduction of synthetic insecticides in the
1950s, harlequin bug was considered a
significant pest of a range of cultivated crops
including...

dpi.nsw.gov.au

Powdery mildew of apple


Phytophthora crown, collar, and root rots of apple


Necrotic leaf blotch of apple


phu gummystemblight greenhousecucumberss


phu-gummystemblight-greenhousecucumberss.jpg

Gummy Stem Blight
of Greenhouse Cucumber
March, 2018
Gummy stem blight (GSB) is caused by the fungus Didymella bryoniae, previously known as Mycosphaerella
melonis. The fungus is known to infect cucurbits, including cucumber, pumpkin, squash, watermelon,
cantaloupe and many others. Under favourable climatic conditions, the pathogen can infect all parts, except
roots, of the cucumber plant at all stages of plant development. Infection at...

www2.gov.bc.ca

Building a Sustainable Business


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Building a
Sustainable Business
A Guide to Developing a
Business Plan for Farms and
Rural Businesses
Developed by:
the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture
Saint Paul, MNPublished by:
Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE)
College Park, MD
Handbook Series
Book 6Project Coordinators
Gigi DiGiacomo, Economic Consultant
Debra Elias Morse, Consultant
Robert King, University of Minnesota
Authors
Gigi DiGiacomo, Economic...

sare.org

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