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Using natural nematicide plants against banana nematodes


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Democratic Republic of the Congo, May 2014
Using natural nematicide plants against banana nematodes
Recognize the problem
The banana tree is the 4th largest crop in DRC, and it is extremely important to
take care of the tree when it is growing. Nematodes are very small worms that
cannot be seen by the naked eye. They live in the soil and destroy banana tree
roots.
When roots are attacked, the...

plantwise.org

Citrus red mite


Management of pod borer in green gram using castor


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Sri Lanka
,
October
2013
Management of pod borer in green gram using castor
Recognize the problem
The pod borer is a lepidopteron pest that has complete metamorphism. The adult
females lay eggs in the flowers of the plant. As the larvae mature, they cause extensive
damage by eating the pod from the inside. Following an infestation by pod borer
larvae, the pod becomes desiccated and...

plantwise.org

GrowNote Barley West 8 Nematodes


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SYMPTOMS AND DETECTION | VARIETAL RESISTANCE OR TOLERANCE |
MANAGEMENT OF NEMATODES | TESTING FOR ROOT-LESION NEMATODES
WESTERN
SEPTEMBER 2018
SECTION 8
NEMATODE MANAGEMENT
BARLEY
1 NEMAtoDE MANAgEMENt
seCtIon 8 BARLEY
WESTERN
JUNE 2017
Nematode management
Root-lesion nemtodes (RLN; Pratylenchus spp.) are microscopic, worm-like animals
that extract nutrients from plants, causing yield loss. 1
Root-lesion nematodes are found over 5.74...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Chickpea West 2 Pre planting


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CHOOSING A VARIETY | VARIETAL PERFORMANCE AND RATINGS YIELD |
PLANTING SEED QUALITY | FUTURE BREEDING DIRECTIONS
WESTERN
SEPTEMBER 2018
SECTION 2
PRE-PLANTING
CHICKPEA1 Pre-PLantInG
seCtIon 2 CHICKPEAS
February 2017
Pre-planting
Key messages
• In variety choice, consider yield and adaptation to the area, disease resistance,
grain quality, marketability and proximity to receival point.
• Be aware of the specific management needs for the...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Chickpea West 8 Nematodes


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ROOT-LESION NEMATODE (RLN) | NEMATODES AND CROWN ROT
WESTERN
SEPTEMBER 2018
SECTION 8
NEMATODE MANAGEMENT
CHICKPEA1 neMatoDe ManaGeMent
seCtIon 8 CHICKPEAS
February 2017
nematode management
Key messages
• Nematodes are common soil pests that feed on the roots of a wide range of
crop plants in all agricultural areas of Western Australia, irrespective of soil type
and rainfall.
• Root-lesion nematodes are found over 5.74 million ha (or ~65...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 4 Physiology


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FABA BEAN GROWTH STAGES | GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT | CROP
DEVELOPMENT
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
SECTION 4
PLANT GROWTH
AND PHYSIOLOGY
FABA BEAN
1 PlANt gROWtH AND PHYSIOlOgY
seCtIon 4 FABA BEANS
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
Plant growth and
physiology
Key messages
• Faba bean flowers are white with some purple or black markings, and are both
self-pollinated and cross-pollinated.
• A rigid plant, the faba bean is 0.5–1.8 m tall with stout, hollow but...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 11 Desiccation


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DESICCATION | CROP-TOPPING | SEED AND POD DEVELOPMENT |
WINDROWING
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
SECTION 11
CROP DESICCATION/
SPRAY OUT
FABA BEAN1 CROP DESICCAtION/SPRAY OUt
seCtIon 11 FABA BEANS
NOVEMBER 2017
Crop desiccation/spray out
Key messages
• Early desiccation should be avoided because it will result in yield and
quality losses.
• Windrowing faba bean crops encourages uniform maturity in paddocks that are
ripening unevenly.
• Crop-...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 0 Introduction


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CROP OVERVIEW | PRODUCTS AND USES | MARKET | FABA BEAN RESEARCH
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
SECTION A
INTRODUCTION
FABA BEANxiv INtRODUCtION
IntroduCtIon FABA BEANS
NOVEMBER 2017
Introduction
A.1 Crop overview
A.1.1 the role of pulses in farming systems
In WA, faba beans is a niche crop and production currently stands at around
6,000 tonnes (DAFWA). Vicia faba minor is grown under broadscale farming
conditions in WA.
In modern farming systems...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 9 Diseases


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FUNGAL DISEASE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES | SYMPTOM SORTER |
CHOCOLATE SPOT | ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT | SCLEROTINIA STEM ROT |
BOTRYTIS GREY MOULD | ROOT ROTS | RUST | RHIZOCTONIA BARE PATCH
| VIRUSES | SAMPLE PREPARATION FOR DISEASED PLANT SPECIMENS
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
SECTION 9
DISEASES
FABA BEAN
1 DISEASES
seCtIon 9 FABA BEANS
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
Diseases
Key messages
• Chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) can cause extensive losses...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 0 Contents


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WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
CONTENTS
FABA BEAN
v
WESTERN
November 2017
CoNteNts
Contents faba beans
Introduction
A.1 Crop overview ...........................................................................................................xiv
A.1.1 The role of pulses in farming systems ............................................................... xiv
A.1.2 About faba bean...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 14 Environment


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TEMPERATURE | FROST | WATERLOGGING AND FLOODING | DROUGHT
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
SECTION 14
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
FABA BEAN
1 ENVIRONMENtAl ISSUES
seCtIon 14 FABA BEANS
WESTERN
NOVEMBER 2017
Environmental issues
Key messages
• Frost damage is not always obvious and crops should be checked 5–7 days
after a suspected frost.
• Faba beans have a medium tolerance to frost due to their thick pod walls.
• Faba beans are the pulse most...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba Bean West 2 Pre planting


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FABA BEAN TYPES | CHOOSING A VARIETY | FABA BEAN VARIETIES | SEED QUALITY | HANDLING BULK SEED | SEED TESTING WESTERN NOVEMBER 2017 SECTION 2 PRE-PLANTING FABA BEAN1 PRE-PlANtINg seCtIon 2 FABA BEANS NOVEMBER 2017 Pre-planting Key messages • Faba beans have large flat seeds, which are predominantly a beige or buff colour. • Colour, size, shape and texture are important attributes in the marketability of faba beans. • Faba beans prefer well-...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lentil West 3 Pre planting


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LENTIL TYPES | SELECTION OF VARIETIES | RED LENTIL VARIETIES | GREEN
LENTIL VARIETIES | SEED | PBR AND ROYALTIES
WESTERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 3
PRE-PLANTING
LENTIL1 pre-planting
Section 3 LentiL
June 2018
pre-planting
• lentil varieties differ physiologically by seed size, seed coat colour, kernel
(cotyledon), colour and time to maturity.
• red lentil is split or de-hulled for human consumption.
• Contamination of ‘off-type’ lentil...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lentil West 4 Planting


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TIME OF SEEDING | SEEDING RATE / TARGET POPULATION | SEEDING DEPTH
| ROW SPACING | DRY SEEDING | HERBICIDE RESIDUES | SAFE RATES OF
FERTILISER SOWN WITH THE SEED | MACHINERY FOR SEEDING | INOCULATION
| IRRIGATION
WESTERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 4
PLANTING
LENTIL
1 planting
Section 4 LentiL
GROWNOTES
WESTERN
June 2018
planting
• Seeding date with lentil needs to consider the location (district) and
the variety.
• ideal seeding...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Lentil West 9 Pest Management


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WESTERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 9
PEST MANAGEMENT
LENTIL
KEY POINTS | INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) | IDENTIFYING PESTS | KEY
PESTS OF LENTIL | OTHER PESTS OF LENTIL | OCCASIONAL PESTS OF LENTIL
| EXOTIC LENTIL INSECTS – BIOSECURITY THREATS | BENEFICIAL SPECIES |
COMMONLY USED REGISTERED INSECTICIDES1 pest management
Section 9 LentiL
June 2018
pest management
Key points
• the key pests of lentil in southern a ustralia are...

grdc.com.au

9 In crop management Nutrition GRDC GrowNotes Vetch West


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KEY POINTS | NUTRITION
WESTERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 9
NUTRITION
VETCH1 in-crop management − nutrition
Section 9 VETCH
June 2018
in-crop management −
nutrition
Key points
• in-crop nutrient requirements are generally minimal unless nodulation fails.
• rhizobia nodules need to be pink to be effective.
• use leaf tissue testing, especially for micronutrients if deficiency
is suspected.
- −  
fi2 in-crop management − nutrition
Section 9...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Chickpea South 11 Desiccation


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BENEFITS OF DESICCATION | CROP-TOP, DESICCATE, HARVEST OR MANURE? |
TIMING OF DESICCATION | CROP-TOPPING
SOUTHERN
SEPTEMBER 2018
SECTION 11
CROP DESICCATION/
SPRAY OUT
CHICKPEA1 CRoP DeSICCATIon/SPRAY oUT
seCtIon 11 CHICKPEA
JULY 2017
Crop desiccation/spray out
Key messages
• Chickpea often matures unevenly and require herbicides to ripen more evenly.
• Desiccation assists production by: taking out late weeds such as thistles which
can...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba South 10 Plant Growth Regulators


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KEY POINTS | CANOPY MANAGEMENT IN FABA BEAN AND BROAD BEAN |
PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
SOUTHERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 10
PLANT GROWTH
REGULATORS AND CANOPY
MANAGEMENT
FABA BEAN1 plant growth regulators and canopy management
Section 10 faba bean
June 2018
plant growth regulators
and canopy management
Key points
• canopy management of faba bean crops aims at managing biomass.
• management is based on variety choice and crop agronomy at sowing...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Faba South 0 Contents


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SOUTHERN
JUNE 2018
CONTENTS
FABA BEANv
June 2018
Contents
Contents faba bean
1 Introduction
1.1 Faba bean in Australia ........................................................................\
........................ 1
1.2 Why grow faba bean? ........................................................................\
........................ 2
1.2.1 Weeds...

grdc.com.au

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