Resources

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Safe use of agrochemicals


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Bolivia, July 2012
Safe use of agrochemicals
Recognize the problem
If agrochemicals are used incorrectly, they may harm our health and even kill
us. They may harm our kids and pets and may contaminate the water.
Background
Agrochemicals have labels of different colors.
• The red label is for extremely toxic agrochemicals
• The yellow label is for toxic chemicals
• The blue label is for slightly...

plantwise.org

Soil sample collection


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in India, November 2012
Soil Sample Collection
Recognize the problem
Soil testing is important in estimating the physical, chemical and biological
properties of soil. It will help to decide the exact nutrient requirement for the
crop. It also provides information on the existing nutrient status after harvest.
Background
Soil testing helps to record the available nutrients in the soil. Based on the...

plantwise.org

How to take a soil sample for analysis


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, September 2016
How to take a soil sample for analysis
Recognize the problem
Farmers experience deficiencies of nutrients such as phosphorous, calcium,
magnesium and other deficiencies in their fields which reduce plant growth and
yield. To address these deficiencies, professional soil testing is required to
understand which soil nutrients are present at what quantities in the soils and...

plantwise.org

Traps to forecast armyworm outbreaks


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Tanzania, October 2014
Traps to forecast armyworm outbreaks
Recognize the problem
Armyworms are pests that live and move in large groups. The moth is 1.5 cm long but
has a wingspan of up to 3cm. Forewings are dark-brown and hindwings are white with
thin dark veins. The destructive stage is the larva which is black with a green stripe
running down each side of the body. In the field they damage...

plantwise.org

Tomato-bacterial wilt


20157800086.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Cambodia
,
September
2013
Tomato - Bacterial wilt
Recognize the problem
The initial symptom is a wilting of the terminal leaves and after 2 to 3 days the
whole plant wilts as the disease develops. The whole plant then dies
suddenly. Bacterial wilt diagnosis in the field can be done easily. Cut a piece of
the stem 2 to 3 cm long from the base. Suspend the cut stem in clear water in
a...

plantwise.org

Storing pesticides safely at home


20127802684.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Trinidad and Tobago
,
November
2011
Storing pesticides safely at home
Recognize the problem
Pesticides are necessary, but they are also dangerous. If they are misused they
can poison people or animals. Chemicals may be wasted if they are poorly
stored.
Background
Safe storage of pesticides is important to avoid accidental poisoning of people
and animals.
Pesticides must be protected...

plantwise.org

Pesticide record keeping


20127802691.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Trinidad and Tobago
,
November
2011
Pesticide record keeping
Recognize the problem
Consumers are becoming increasingly health conscious and demand safe food.
As such a record of pesticides used to produce a crop must be kept to satisfy
both the demands of the consumer and of the export market. Farmers need to
know the cost of inputs to know how much money they make or lose on their...

plantwise.org

Green leafhopper


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Cambodia
,
October
2014
(Revised November 2016)
Green Leafhopper
Recognize the problem
Green leafhoppers (GLH) are important pests in rice because they spread virus
diseases like Tungro, yellow dwarf, yellow-orange leaf, and transitory yellowing
diseases. Both nymphs and adults feed by extracting plant sap with their
needle-shaped mouthparts. Symptoms include stunted plants and...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Namibia


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Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Uganda


20187800573.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Ethiopia


20187800794_0.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the cropping
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Ghana


20187800793.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in South Sudan


20187800736.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build up
later in the crop season.

Avoid planting at different
times as this provides a
continuous source of food for
FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance to
FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Botswana


20187800734.jpg

Fall Armyworm egg mass
(Desiree van Heerden, Syngenta) Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build up
later in the crop season.

Avoid planting at different
times as this provides a
continuous source of food
for FAW.

If available, plant...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Zambia


20187800575.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Sierra Leone


20187800572.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Senegal


20187800571.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Rwanda


20187800570.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Mali


20187800568.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Chenille légionnaire d’automne (CLA) sur le maïs
GUIDE DE GESTION DE PROBLÈMES PHYTOSANITAIRES: LISTE VERTE ET JAUNE
 
Prévention
Surveillance
Lutte directe
Lutte directe
Restrictions

Planter tôt avec les
premières pluies car les
populations de la chenille
légionnaire d’automne
(CLA) croissent au fur et à
mesure de la saison.

Éviter d’échelonner les
dates de plantation car cela
fournit une source de
nourriture...

plantwise.org

Fall armyworm (FAW) on maize in Liberia


20187800566.jpg

Spodoptera frugiperda Fall Armyworm (FAW) on Maize
PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST
 
Prevention
Scouting
Direct control
Direct control
Restrictions

Plant early, with the first
rains, as Fall Armyworm
(FAW) populations build
up later in the crop
season.

Avoid planting at
different times as this
provides a continuous
source of food for FAW.

If available, plant maize
varieties with resistance
to FAW.

Consider...

plantwise.org

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