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Common pests and diseases on mango: Ghana.




Neem seed extracts to control black citrus aphid


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, September 2016
Neem seed extracts to control black citrus aphid
Recognize the problem
Citrus aphids are tiny 1 to 3mm, brown to black soft roundish insects. Some
may be winged, but most are wingless. They suck juice from new shoots and
leaves. High numbers are normally found on new shoots and leaves. This leads
to curling and distortion in leaves. They also damage flower buds and they...

plantwise.org

Cultural control of mango pulp weevil


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2015
Cultural control of mango pulp weevil
Recognize the problem
Mango pulp weevil is a small beetle that feeds inside mangoes. It is closely
related to the mango seed weevil, but is slightly different. The difference is
that the mango pulp weevil and its larvae destroy the pulp, whereas mango
seed weevils destroy the seed. The weevil larvae are white, legless grubs with
a brown to...

plantwise.org

Sanitation to control mango seed weevil


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2015
Sanitation to control mango seed weevil
Recognize the problem
Mango seed weevil is an insect pest of mango. The weevils are less than 1 cm
brownish small beetles with a long nose. When weevils lay eggs early, meaning
on just forming fruits, then the feeding of the hatched small larvae leads to
premature fruit fall. If the attacks occur at a later stage, infested fruits are...

plantwise.org

Chemical control of anthracnose (mango)


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Pakistan, June 2014
Chemical control of Anthracnose (mango)
Recognize the problem
Anthracnose is one of the biggest diseases in Pakistan and mango is one of the most
important fruit in Pakistan.
Anthracnose, which is caused by a fungus, can cause symptoms on leaves, twigs,
panicles and fruit in the shape of brown to black spots. These spots can become larger
and form dead areas in the centre....

plantwise.org

Chemical control of aphids in mango


Copper against bacterial black spot in mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, December 2014
Copper against bacterial black spot in mango
Recognize the problem
Many small black water-soaked spots on mango fruits and leaves can be
caused by bacteria. This is the so-called bacterial black spot disease. Spots
appear on the leaves, stems and fruits. On the leaves the spots are black and
water-soaked. They tend to be angular because they are restrained by the
veins....

plantwise.org

Pruning to manage anthracnose on mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Ghana, September 2013
Pruning to manage anthracnose on mango
Recognize the problem
Anthracnose is a major fungal disease of mango which can affect all parts of
the tree including branches, twigs, leaves, flowers and fruits. The disease
presents a great challenge for those who are involved in the production of
mangos for export. The disease is most severe during wet and warm conditions
causing...

plantwise.org

Repelling fruit flies by weaver ants in oranges


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Tanzania, October 2014
Repelling fruit flies by weaver ants in oranges
Recognize the problem
Fruit flies lay eggs in mature orange fruits causing black dots and yellowing of
fruits. The flies are a bit smaller than house flies and much more colourful.
They have orange silvery patterns around the abdomen, and transparent wings
with dark patterns. The larvae hatch from eggs, feed inside fruits,...

plantwise.org

Management of fruit flies Bactrocera invadens and Ceratitis cosyra in mangoes using traps


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Malawi
,
August
2014
Management of fruit flies in mangoes using traps
Recognize the problem
Fruit flies damage mangoes by laying their eggs in the fruits, just under the
skin. After eggs hatch, the larvae feed on the flesh of the fruit, causing it to
turn mushy and eventually rot. The problem of fruit flies in a mango orchard
can be mitigated using fruit fly traps.
Background
A fruit...

plantwise.org

Clean orchards to reduce Asian fruit fly


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Zambia
,
August
2013
Clean orchards to reduce Asian fruit fly
Recognize the problem
The Asian fruit fly is a small fly, about 8 mm in length, with yellow and small
dark brown to black markings on its wings. Larvae, also called maggots, feed
inside the fruits. Damage symptoms are dark spots on the fruits, rotting of
fruits, or falling of fruits. Fruit flies cause devastating damage to...

plantwise.org

Mango mealybug


Mango midge


Come together to mass trap Mango fruit fly


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Tanzania
,
September
2012
Come together to mass trap Mango fruit fly
Recognize the problem
Mango fruit flies ("Vidudu" in Swahili) inject their eggs into young fruits. The
eggs hatch into larvae that grow and eat inside the fruit. You cannot control
them with chemicals because larvae are hidden inside fruit. The larvae cause
the fruit to rot and the fruit drops down before ripening....

plantwise.org

Mango hopper


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Mango Hopper
Recognize the problem
The mango hopper is a major insect pest of mango. The hoppers make holes
and suck the nutrients from soft tissues of panicles, leaves, flowers, fruits and
fresh twigs. Hoppers also release sweet liquid onto the leaves, on which a
black coloured fungus develops, which reduces the strength of the plant. Heavy
attacks cause...

plantwise.org

Sudden death of mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Sudden death in mango
Recognize the problem
The first sign of the disease is the oozing of the bark. This is followed
progressively by the development of cankers on the trunk, rotting and
blackening of the bark, the splitting of the trunk, and the drying and curling of
twigs and branches. Finally, the leaves are shed from the tree.
Collapse of mango plants...

plantwise.org

Gall flies on mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Kenya
,
December
2012
Gall flies on Mango
Recognize the problem
Gall flies are small flies about 1-2 mm. The female pierces and lays eggs on
young leaves. The eggs hatch later into maggots. These maggots make the
tissue swollen and soft leading to formation of galls. A gall fly maggot lives
inside each of the galls, which are about 4mm wide. The galls cause the
bordering tissues to...

plantwise.org

Leaf coating mite on mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Kenya
,
December
2012
Leaf coating mite on Mango
Recognize the problem
Leaf coating mites are very small whitish to cream orange, cigar shaped mites.
They are about
0.2
mm long and cannot be seen by eyes without aid.
The mites live in groups under a white coating on the upper leaf surface. The
affected leaves eventually drop off after yellowing.
In general, the coating has...

plantwise.org

Termites on mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Kenya
,
December
2012
Termites on Mango
Recognize the problem
Termites are social insects that live in groups called colonies. They mostly feed
on dead plant material such as wood and leaf litter. To confirm their presence,
pull out the affected plant and look for live termites and tunnels on the roots
and lower stem. Sometimes you can tell that there are termites present
because of...

plantwise.org

Prevention of powdery mildew on mango using cultural methods


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Ethiopia
,
August
2014
Prevention of powdery mildew on mango using cultural methods
Recognize the problem
Powdery mildew is one of the most serious diseases affecting mangos of all
varieties. The characteristic symptoms of the disease are the white powdery
superficial fungal growth on leaves, stalk of panicles, flowers and young fruits.
Severe infection can cause the death of the...

plantwise.org

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