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Management of groundnuts to reduce aflatoxins


www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2014
Management of groundnuts to reduce aflatoxins
Recognize the problem
Groundnuts can get contaminated with poisons, called aflatoxins. These
poisons are produced by several fungal plant diseases. These fungi are soil-
borne, and can attack the crop both in the field and after harvest. This can be
a problem if a farmer delays harvesting when the crop has already matured.

Cultural control of the Andean potato weevil

Potato cutworm

Light traps to control the armyworm


Created in
Light traps to control the armyworm
Recognize the problem
The armyworm is a pest that damages the corn bud, reducing the yield.
The armyworm is born from eggs laid by a medium-to-large moth. There are
male and female moths. They mate and the females lay egg masses. Around
eggs are laid per female and new armyworms are born every week.

Cocoa pod borer (CPB)

Grasshopper monitoring and control in British Columbia

Biological control of mealybugs - Anagyrus pseudococci



Organic agriculture in
Kenya and Uganda
Charles Walaga
CTA number 8033
This report was produced following a study visit to Kenya and
Uganda, 19–30 April 2004. The visit was sponsored by CTA and
organised in collaboration with the Organisation for Rural Research
and Development (ORREDE) and the Sustainable Agriculture
Community Development Project (SACDEP–Kenya).
The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA...



A g r i c u l t u r a l I n n o v a t i o n s
P o l y c u l t u r e a n d R e s e r v o i r R a n c h i n g : S u s t a i n a b l e
A q u a c u l t u r e S t r a t e g i e s f o r P a d d l e f i s h ( P o l y o d o n
s p a t h u l a ) P r o d u c t i o n
Inside this fact sheet:
# Introduction
# Paddlefish
# Polyculture of Paddlefish and Catfish
# Reservoir Ranching
# Reservoir Ranching Demonstration
# Summary
# SARE...



A g r i c u l t u r a l I n n o v a t i o n s
S e l e c t i n g C a t t l e t o I m p r o v e G r a z i n g D i s t r i b u t i o n
P a t t e r n s , R a n g e l a n d H e a l t h a n d W a t e r Q u a l i t y
ivestock grazing distribution is a critical concern for graz-
ing lands, especially on extensive and rugged pastures.
Rangeland health, riparian area condition, water quality, fish-
eries habitat,...



A g r i c u l t u r a l I n n o v a t i o n s
In -H o u s e C o m p o s t i n g i n H i g h -R i s e , C a g e d L a y e r F a c i l i t i e s
Richard T. Koenig
Washington State University, Pullman
anure handling, storage, and disposal are common
problems facing poultry producers in the United
States. Fly and odor control, urban encroachment, a limited
nearby land base for manure disposal, and increased regula-

Building a Sustainable Business

Building a Sustainable Business.jpg

Building a
Sustainable Business
A Guide to Developing a
Business Plan for Farms and
Rural Businesses
Developed by:
the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture
Saint Paul, MNPublished by:
Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE)
College Park, MD
Handbook Series
Book 6Project Coordinators
Gigi DiGiacomo, Economic Consultant
Debra Elias Morse, Consultant
Robert King, University of Minnesota
Gigi DiGiacomo, Economic...



Figure 1. Lateral dorsal and ventral views of Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel).
Scale bar =1 mm Image © Fera
Argentine stem weevil
Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel)
The Argentine stem weevil Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera:
Curculionidae) is an II/A1 EU listed quarantine pest of pasture grasses and cereals
that is native to South America. It has since spread across the Pacific region and is
most notably a pest in New...



What is it and
where is it found?
The Western corn rootworm,
Diabrotica virgifera virgiferais a
serious pest of maize (Zea mays).
It originated in North America but
was first discovered in Europe in
1992 in a small maize field near
Surcin airport, near Belgrade
(former Yugoslavia). It has spread
outward from the site of its first
introduction. Outbreaks have
been confirmed in countries such
as Italy, France, Belgium, the
Netherlands and the...



N OTES Publication 74117
University of California
Agriculture and Natural Resources June 2004
Integrated Pest Management for Home Gardeners and Landscape Professionals
Most people enjoy seeing deer in the
wild. Unfortunately, however, deer can
be very destructive to gardens, or-
chards, and landscaped areas, particu-
larly in foothill and coastal districts
where nearby woodlands provide
cover. Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus,
(Fig. 1...



The opossum (Didelphis virginiana ) is
the only native North American mar -
supial. Marsupials are distinguished
by their abdominal pouch used for
carrying their young. The opossum
is not native to California but was
introduced in San Jose in 1910 from
the east coast of the United States and has now become well estab -
lished throughout much of the state.
An opossum is about the size of a house cat, has coarse grayish fur, a...



P EST N OTES Publication 7416
University of California
Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program
Agriculture and Natural Resources August 2009
Several species of carpenter ants
(Camponotus species) are capable of
damaging wood in buildings and other
structures. The two most destructive
species in the Western United States
are C. modoc and C. vicinus , both of
which are found in California. Carpen -
ter ants can become pests in any...



Integrated Pest Management In and Around the Home
C arpenter B ees
Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program June 2014
Publication 7417
Figure 1. Adult male valley carpenter
(R .S. Vet ter)
Figure 2 . Adult female mountain carpenter bee.
(J. K. Clark)
Carpenter bees build nests in wood,
creating galleries that can weaken structures; however, they rarely cause
severe damage. People may be fright -
ened by...



The webbing clothes moth, Tineola
bisselliella , (Figure 1) and casemaking
clothes moth, Tinea pellionella , (Figure 2)
can be fabric pests in California. They
tend to hide when disturbed, so you
might not notice you have an infestation
until after the moths have already dam -
aged your fabric, fur, or feathered items.
Close examination of the objects will
reveal silken webs the larvae have spun.
The webbing clothes moth is the...



Ants are among the most prevalent pests
in households. Ants also invade restau -
rants, hospitals, offices, warehouses, and
other buildings where they can find food
and water. On outdoor and sometimes
indoor plants, ants protect and care for
honeydew-producing insects such as
aphids, soft scales, whiteflies, and mealy -
bugs, increasing damage from these
pests. Ants also perform many useful
functions in the environment, such as
feeding on other...


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