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Long bean pod borer


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Cambodia, November 2014
Long Bean Pod Borer
Recognize the problem
Crops may be infested from early budding onwards. The eggs are laid on or in
the flowers (inserted between the petals). Young larvae feed inside flowers for
5-7 days before moving to the pods when mid-sized. Favoured entry points are
where flowers and pods are touching. After completing their development (10-
15 days from egg...

plantwise.org

Herbicides against weeds in soybeans


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, December 2014
Herbicides against weeds in soybeans
Recognize the problem
Weeds compete with soybean for light, space, water and nutrients. Soybean plants are
quickly overgrown. If weeds are not controlled on time, soybean yield will be very low.
Background
Most weeds can be controlled mechanically by pulling out, harrowing, or tillage. Some
serious weeds can be chemically controlled. Be...

plantwise.org

Bacteria inoculants for more nitrogen in soybean


Cultural control of Diplodia cob rot in maize


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Zambia
,
August
2013
Cultural control of Diplodia cob rot in maize
Recognize the problem
Diplodia maize cob rot (also called ear rot) is a disease caused by a fungus. It
causes rotting of the grains on the mature maize cob, reducing yield by up to
80%. The fungus turns the grains brown, and whitish threads can also be
seen. Other cob rot diseases cause reddish, blackish or greyish...

plantwise.org

Striga


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Rwanda
,
May
2012
Striga
Recognize the problem
Striga known as "Rwona" or "Kurisuka" in Kinyarwanda is a parasitic weed of
different cereal species such as maize and sorghum, and grasses. Striga plants
produce typical purple ('umwura' in Kinyarwanda) flowers while its leaves are
narrow and long with an intense green colour.
Background
Striga seeds in the soil germinate only when host...

plantwise.org

Green semilooper in soybean


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
India
,
November
2012
Green Semilooper in Soybean
Recognize the problem
The semilooper larva is green in colour with several thin light lines running the
length of the body. When crawling, it forms a characteristic loop or hump so is
known as the semilooper. The full grown larva feeds on foliage, flowers and
pods. In severe infestation, it defoliates the plant leaving behind only...

plantwise.org

Groundnut stem rot


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
India
,
November
2012
Groundnut stem rot
Recognize the problem
Germinating seeds infected by groundnut stem rot are covered with masses of
black spongy fungi. This causes rapid wilting of the entire plant or its branches.
The development of white fungal threads can be seen on affected plant tissue,
particularly on the stem. The base of the plant turns yellow and then wilts
down....

plantwise.org

Soybean Girdle Beetle


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Spodoptera in soybean


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
India
,
November
2012
Spodoptera in Soybean
Recognize the problem
Spodoptera larvae feed on the soybean crop and can cause considerable yield
losses. Two black spots are present on the second segment of the larva. The
female lays eggs in masses on the surface of the leaves and covers them with
whitish hair scales. The egg stage lasts for 3 days. The newly emerged
caterpillars feed...

plantwise.org

Black cutworm on leafy vegetable


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Cambodia
,
November
2012
(Revised August 2014)
Black cutworm on leafy vegetables
Recognize the problem
Larvae (caterpillars) are gray or brown and reach 3-4 cm in length. They feed
on leaves, making small holes. After few days, the caterpillars drop to the soil
where they live until pupation. The larvae cut the stems of young seedlings at
soil level, killing them. This affects the...

plantwise.org

Sawfly on Brassica


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Kenya
,
December
2012
Sawfly on Brassica
Recognize the problem
Sawfly is also known as the cabbage leaf sawfly or the turnip sawfly. The
young (larvae) look like oily black or green coloured caterpillars. The larvae
have a shiny head and their bodies have a swelling just behind the head that
looks like a hump. The adults are wasps that are 1.5cm long with bright yellow
abdomens....

plantwise.org

Helicoverpa in soybean


Handling soybean after harvest


How to grow soybean


IPM ready reckoner June2013


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Economic threshold ready reckoners 
Quick reference tables for key insect pests 
 
Economic thresholds are a key decision tool for growers and agronomists managing insect pests in their crops. 
Dynamic economic thresholds enable individual costs of control and grain prices to be included in the calculations 
to ensure the decision to treat or not to treat the pest infestation is as accurate 
as possible.  
These ...

ipmguidelinesforgrains.com.au

BestBet SummerPulses2014


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‘Best Bet’ IPM strategy  Summer pulse pests  Pre‐plant  
 Avoid paddocks in close proximity to other pest hosts (e.g. thrips moving from parthenium that transmit tobacco streak virus to mungbeans, or silverleaf whitefly 
moving from cucurbit and cotton crops into soybeans). 
 Avoid paddocks previously planted to crops hosting soil‐borne pests such as cutworms or nematodes,
 and observe recommended plant back periods. 
 Avoid sequential ...

ipmguidelinesforgrains.com.au

BestBet SunflowerNorth2014


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‘Best Bet’ IPM strategy  Sunflower pests – Northern region  Pre‐season  and sowing 
Monitor prior to sowing for establishment pests:use germinating seed baits and/or soil sampling. Increased risk of establishment pests and seedling loss:   history of establishment pests   high levels of retained stubble or weedy fallow   seedling emergence is slowed by cool, wet or dry conditions.  Control broadleaf weeds in‐field and around crop margins to...

ipmguidelinesforgrains.com.au

Cover Cropping for Pollinators and Beneficial Insects


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8/17
DOUG AND ANNA CRABTREE’S VILICUS FARM RESTS
on more than 2,000 acres in northern Montana, and
it is a model of how cover crops can be a foundation
of pollinator and beneficial insect management. Like
many farmers, their approach to cover cropping began
with an interest in soil health and quickly grew to
encompass much broader goals as they recognized
the additional benefits cover crops could provide.
“We want to implement pollinator...

sare.org

Cover Crops for Sustainable Crop Rotations


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06/15
CONTENTS
This bulletin is a companion to
SARE’s Cover Crop Topic Room, an
online collection of select, mostly
SARE-based resources on cover
crops. Information is available at
www.SARE.org/Cover-Crops on
the following topics:
Selection and ManageMent
econoMicS
eStabliShMent
no-till
Soil and Fertility
ManageMent
Water ManageMent
PeSt ManageMent
croP rotationS
MiScellaneouS
SARE’s Topic Rooms contain
dozens of publications, videos and
other...

sare.org

GrowNote Lupin West 11 Markets


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OVERVIEW | EXPORT DESTINATIONS | DOMESTIC MARKETS | HUMAN
CONSUMPTION MARKETS | GRAIN SPECIFICATIONS | ON-FARM FACTORS
INFLUENCING LUPIN DELIVERIES AND MARKETING
WESTERN
JUNE 2018
SECTION 11
GRAIN MARKETS
LUPIN1 grain markets
Section 11 LUPIN
July 2018
grain markets
11.1 Overview
The bulk of Western Australia’s total annual production of narrow leafed lupin grain
is exported, predominantly for use as animal feed, to key markets in the...

grdc.com.au

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