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Tithonia diversifolia


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Rwanda, February 2016
Tithonia diversifolia
Recognize the problem
Family: Asteraceae (daisy family)
Common names: Mexican sunflower, shrub sunflower, tree marigold.
French: Tournesol mexicain; Kinyarwanda: Icyicamahirwe; Chichewa: Deliya.
Annual or perennial herbaceous broadleaved shrub, woody at the base [2–3 (–5) m
high]; stems slightly ridged and hairy when young.
Leaves: Greyish-green,...

plantwise.org

Using Tithonia as a green manure in tomato


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2015
Using Tithonia as a green manure in tomato
Recognize the problem
Tomato requires a lot of fertilisation to yield well. The major nutrients are
potassium, phosphorous, nitrogen and calcium.
Background
Fertilisation of tomatoes is needed, but synthetic fertilizers increase the cost of
producing the crop. Other means of fertilization can help to reduce the costs.
For example,...

plantwise.org

Panama disease of banana


Groundnut caterpillar


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
India
,
October
2013
Groundnut Caterpillar
Recognize the problem
The groundnut caterpillar,
Spodoptera litura
, appears on groundnut both in
vegetative phase and at the time of pod formation. It feeds initially by
skeletonizing, leaving only the outline of the leaves and veins on the plant. As
growth continues, caterpillars eat the entire leaves. After December,
particularly...

plantwise.org

Potato cutworm


False wire worms in seedling crops of canola, sorghum and sunflower


Rutherglen bug in sorghum and sunflower


Sunflower


BestBet SunflowerNorth2014


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‘Best Bet’ IPM strategy  Sunflower pests – Northern region  Pre‐season  and sowing 
Monitor prior to sowing for establishment pests:use germinating seed baits and/or soil sampling. Increased risk of establishment pests and seedling loss:   history of establishment pests   high levels of retained stubble or weedy fallow   seedling emergence is slowed by cool, wet or dry conditions.  Control broadleaf weeds in‐field and around crop margins to...

ipmguidelinesforgrains.com.au

Cover Cropping for Pollinators and Beneficial Insects


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8/17
DOUG AND ANNA CRABTREE’S VILICUS FARM RESTS
on more than 2,000 acres in northern Montana, and
it is a model of how cover crops can be a foundation
of pollinator and beneficial insect management. Like
many farmers, their approach to cover cropping began
with an interest in soil health and quickly grew to
encompass much broader goals as they recognized
the additional benefits cover crops could provide.
“We want to implement pollinator...

sare.org

Cover Crops for Sustainable Crop Rotations


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06/15
CONTENTS
This bulletin is a companion to
SARE’s Cover Crop Topic Room, an
online collection of select, mostly
SARE-based resources on cover
crops. Information is available at
www.SARE.org/Cover-Crops on
the following topics:
Selection and ManageMent
econoMicS
eStabliShMent
no-till
Soil and Fertility
ManageMent
Water ManageMent
PeSt ManageMent
croP rotationS
MiScellaneouS
SARE’s Topic Rooms contain
dozens of publications, videos and
other...

sare.org

GrowNote Canola North 9 Diseases


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MAJOR CANOLA DISEASES | BLACKLEG | SCLEROTINIA STEM ROT | VIRUSES
NORTHERN
SEPTEMBER 2018
SECTION 9
DISEASES
CANOLA1 DIseases
seCtioN 9 CANOLA
March 2017
Diseases
9 .1 Major canola diseases
Blackleg (caused by Leptosphaeria maculans) and Sclerotinia stem rot (caused by
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) are two major diseases of canola. Blackleg is less prevalent
in northern NSW and Queensland; however, it is critical that blackleg be controlled...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Safflower North 13 Storage


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HOW TO STORE PRODUCT ON-FARM | PESTS OF STORED GRAIN
NORTHERN
SECTION 13
STORAGE
MARCH 2017
SAFFLOWER1 storage
seCtIon 13 SAFFLOWERS
March 2017
storage
Safflower is lighter than wheat and more easily lost from the tops of trucks or bulk
bins travelling at speed. Loads should be covered securely to minimise losses.
Transport costs can also be higher because of the lower bulk density, which means
that a truck can carry a greater weight of...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Safflower North 09 Diseases


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ALTERNARIA BLIGHT (CAUSED BY ALTERNARIA CARTHAMI) |
PHYTOPHTHORA ROOT ROT (CAUSED BY PHYTOPHTHORA CRYPTOGEA) |
RUST (CAUSED BY PUCCINIA CARTHAMI) | OTHER DISEASES
NOR THERN
SECTION 9
DISEASES
MARCH 2017
SAFFLOWER1 DIseases
seCtIon 9 SAFFLOWERS
March 2017
Diseases
Several diseases can infect safflower, especially in warm and humid conditions. No
fungicides are registered for disease control in safflower in Australia; however, some
success...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Safflower North 02 Pre planting


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SAFFLOWER VARIETIES | PLANTING SEED QUALITY
NORTHERN
SECTION 2
PRE-PLANTING
MARCH 2017
SAFFLOWER1 Pre-PlantIng
seCtIon 2 SAFFLOWERS
March 2017
Pre-planting
2.1 safflower varieties
The first commercial oilseed safflower variety in Australia was Gila, introduced from
Arizona in the 1950s. In the 1970s and 1980s, Gila suffered severe losses from
Alternaria disease (caused by Alternaria carthami), leading the CSIRO to develop
and release the...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Safflower North 04 Physiology


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EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE, PHOTOPERIOD AND CLIMATE EFFECTS ON
PLANT GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGY | PLANT GROWTH STAGES
NOR THERN
SECTION 4
PLANT GROWTH
AND PHYSIOLOGY
MARCH 2017
SAFFLOWER1 Plant groWth anD PhY sIologY
seCtIon 4 SAFFLOWERS
March 2017
Plant growth and
physiology
Safflower is an erect, winter/spring-growing annual herb that resembles a thistle.
Along with sunflower, it belongs to the daisy plant family (Asteraceae). Despite being
related...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Sunflower North 02 Pre planting


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VARIETAL PERFORMANCE | PLANTING SEED QUALITY
NORTHERN
SECTION 2
PRE-PLANTING
FEBRUARY 2017
SUNFLOWER1 Pre-PlantIng
seCtIon 2 SUNFLOWERS
February 2017
Pre-planting
2.1 Varietal performance
Five sunflower hybrids will be marketed in NSW for sowing in 2014–15. It is advisable
to grow more than one hybrid to spread risk, as no hybrid excels in all characteristics.
Select hybrids based on end-use requirement, yielding ability (seed and oil),...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Sunflower North 11 Desiccation


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DRYING
NORTHERN
SECTION 11
CROP DESICCATION /
SPRAY OUT
FEBRUARY 2017
SUNFLOWER1 CroP DesICCatIon/sPray out
seCtIon 11 SUNFLOWERS
February 2017
Crop desiccation/spray out
Crop desiccation is not a common practice in sunflowers; however, it has been used
in some seasons to speed up or to even out maturity of a crop. Diquat is the only
product registered for use as a harvest aid in sunflowers.
Desiccation of a sunflower crop can only commence...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Sunflower North 0A Introduction


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AGRONOMY AT A GLANCE | CROP OVERVIEW | KEY MANAGEMENT ISSUES
| END USES
NOR THERN
SECTION A
INTRODUCTION
FEBRUARY 2017
SUNFLOWERxvi IntroDuCtIon
IntroduCtIon SUNFLOWERS
February 2017
Introduction
a.1 agronomy at a glance
• Always plant sunflowers into a full profile of subsoil moisture.
• Sunflowers are dependent on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; addition of starter
fertiliser is needed in long-fallow situations
• Check past residual...

grdc.com.au

GrowNote Sunflower North 04 Physiology


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PLANT GROWTH STAGES | KEY DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF SUNFLOWER |
SUNFLOWER PHENOLOGY | DRIVERS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT |
ADVERSE EFFECTS ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT | PHOTOS OF STAGES
OF SUNFLOWER DEVELOPMENT | REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING
NOR THERN
SECTION 4
PLANT GROWTH
AND PHYSIOLOGY
FEBRUARY 2017
SUNFLOWER1 Plant growth anD PhysIology
seCtIon 4 SUNFLOWERS
February 2017
Plant growth and
physiology
4.1 Plant growth stages
The time...

grdc.com.au

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