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Citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis
Citrus longhorn beetle
The citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), is a non-native pest that is
extremely damaging to a wide range of broadleaved trees and shrubs. It is a quarantine
pest for the European Union. The natural range of the beetle includes China, Japan and
other countries in South East Asia. The main pathway of introduction of this pest into
Europe has been with ornamental...
GrowNote Faba Bean West 0 Introduction
CROP OVERVIEW | PRODUCTS AND USES | MARKET | FABA BEAN RESEARCH
FABA BEANxiv INtRODUCtION
IntroduCtIon FABA BEANS
A.1 Crop overview
A.1.1 the role of pulses in farming systems
In WA, faba beans is a niche crop and production currently stands at around
6,000 tonnes (DAFWA). Vicia faba minor is grown under broadscale farming
conditions in WA.
In modern farming systems...
GrowNote Peas South 1 Introduction
KEY POINTS | FIELD PEA TYPES | FIELD PEA HISTORY OF USE | WHY PLANT
FIELD PEA? | HOW FIELD PEA CAN BENEFIT THE FARMING OPERATION
FIELD PEA1 introduction
Section 1 field pea
• there are five field pea types, based on seed coat or kernel colour,
size and shape.
• Most (70–90%) field pea grown in Australia is for human consumption.
• More than 90% of Australian...
GrowNote Sunflower North 04 Physiology
PLANT GROWTH STAGES | KEY DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF SUNFLOWER |
SUNFLOWER PHENOLOGY | DRIVERS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT |
ADVERSE EFFECTS ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT | PHOTOS OF STAGES
OF SUNFLOWER DEVELOPMENT | REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING
SUNFLOWER1 Plant growth anD PhysIology
seCtIon 4 SUNFLOWERS
Plant growth and
4.1 Plant growth stages
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Defra PP Factsheet Oct 2016 FINAL4
Red palm weevil
Figure 1. Red palm weevil adult intercepted in the UK on a gourd imported from Sri Lanka © Fera
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a highly invasive pest of
palms that can have a significant economic, environmental and social impact when
introduced into new geographical areas. It is the most important pest of date palm
(Phoenix dactylifera) in the world and...
PLANT PEST NOTICE
Platanus lace bug
Fig. 1 Corythucha ciliata adult (Copyright James Turner)
During September and October 2006, the Plant Health and Seeds Inspectorate
visited two nurseries in Bedfordshire where they discovered lace bugs infesting
London plane (Platanus x acerifolia) and oriental plane (P. orientalis) trees imported
from France and Italy. Some of the infested...
paysandisia archon palm borer factsheet
Figure 1. Adult Paysandisia archon © J.C. Streito, LNPV -Entomologie, Montpellier (FR)
In August 2002, a large adult moth was o bserved in a private garden in W est Sussex.
Martin Honey (Natural History Museum, London) confirmed its identification as the South
American palm borer Paysandisia archon Burmeister (Lepidoptera: Castniidae). This was
the first discovery of this non -indigenous pest...
Figure 1. Gross shoot tip distortion in Fuchsiasp. infested with Aculops
fuchsiaeKeifer the Fuchsia gall mite
Fuchsia gall mite
The fuchsia gall mite Aculops fuchsiaeKeifer (Eriophyidae) is an EPPO A1 and EU
II/A1 quarantine listed pest that attacks and seriously damages Fuchsiaspp. Its
presence in Europe was confirmed for the first time in December 2003 from
specimens collected from 8 sites around the gulf of...
What is it and
where is it found?
The Western corn rootworm,
Diabrotica virgifera virgiferais a
serious pest of maize (Zea mays).
It originated in North America but
was first discovered in Europe in
1992 in a small maize field near
Surcin airport, near Belgrade
(former Yugoslavia). It has spread
outward from the site of its first
introduction. Outbreaks have
been confirmed in countries such
as Italy, France, Belgium, the
Netherlands and the...
Figure 1. Colony of adult female Fletcher scales on Thuja
In June 2011 a mature Western red cedar Thuja plicatagrowing in a private garden
in central London, was found to be infested with Fletcher scale Parthenolecanium
fletcheri (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccidae), a North American scale insect that
feeds on Cypress conifers. This is the first time that Fletcher scale has been found
Figure 1. Late instar Cydalima perspectalislarva on a box plant leaf. It
grows to a maximum length of 4 cm.
© Picture by W. Schön from www.schmetterling-raupe.de
Box tree caterpillar
The box tree caterpillar, Cydalima perspectalis(Walker, 1859) (Lepidoptera,
Crambidae), has been found in England. This Plant Pest Factsheet provides
information about identification and control.
Cydalima perspectalishas been placed...
Brown Rot of Potato
Why the concern?
This is a quarantine disease of potato that is listed in the EC Plant Health Directive and is notifiable
in the UK. Yield losses are mostly caused by tuber rotting and, in many warmer areas of the world,
it is one of the main limiting factors in potato production. The effect on our seed-potato industry
could be substantial, especially for exports, if the disease became established in the UK. Once
Figure 1. Single infected mature Lawson’s cypress tree
Photo courtesy of Forestry Commission (ref 2014314)
What is it and where is it found?
Phytophthora lateralis is a fungus-like plant pathogen which causes an often fatal
disease of trees, mainly in the genus Chamaecyparis. Lawson’s cypress
(C. lawsoniana) is the primary host.
P. lateralisis commonly found on C. lawsonianain forests in the native range of this
tree species in southern Oregon...
Pitch canker, a disease that affects
many pine species, is caused by the
fungus Fusarium circinatum . This fun -
gus can also infect Douglas-fir, but
symptoms are usually limited to tip
Most pines native to California are sus -
ceptible to pitch canker, but Monterey
pine, Pinus radiata , is the most widely
affected host. The most recent severe
outbreak of this disease in California
was in populations of native bishop
Puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ) is an
aptly named summer annual found
widely in California. Native to south -
ern Europe, it can grow under a wide
range of conditions, but its success is
likely due to its ability to thrive in hot
and dry conditions where other plants
cannot. It can be a major problem in
orchards, pastures, turf, and along
roadsides and ditch banks. Although it
is known to be toxic to sheep, its main
weedy characteristic, as...
Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)
(Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1
M. C. Thomas, J. B. Heppner, R. E. Woodruff, H. V. Weems, G. J. Steck, and T. R. Fasulo 2
1. This document is EENY-214 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars 4, 230 and 273, updated for this publication), one of a series of the
Department of Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date July 2001....
Paysandisia archon LoRes
The castniid palm borer, Paysandisia archon (Burmeister), is a Neotropical
pest of palm trees (Arecaceae). Native to South America (Argentina, Brazil,
Paraguay, Uruguay), it was first found in Europe in 2001, and it is currently
present in France, Italy, the Czech Republic, and Spain. Larvae have
been recorded feeding on palms in the following genera: Brahea, Butia,
Chamaerops , Cocos, Latania , Livistona, Phoenix, Sabal,...
Cameraria ohridella LoRes
The horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Deschka and Dimić, is a pest of
horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) across most of Europe. Larvae form blotch
mines in the leaves, causing characteristic brown patches across the leaf (Figs. 1, 3,
7), leaf death (Fig. 6), and early leaf drop. Despite the serious appearance of infected
trees (Fig. 3), damage by C. ohridella does not usually result in tree mortality. In...
Musa spp. 2nd edition 502
FAO/IPGRI Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Germplasm. No.15
edited by M. Diekmann and C.A.J. Putter2 FAO/IPGRI Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of GermplasmNo. 15. Musa3
Participants in the meeting 6
Definitions of Terms as Used in this
Descriptions of Diseases 11
Abaca mosaic 11
Banana bract mosaic 12
Banana bunchy top 14
Banana streak 19...
Post Harvest Compendium Groundnut
- Post-harvest CompendiumGROUNDNUT: Post -harvest Operations
Organization: National Research Centre for Groundnut (ICAR ) ( www.icar.org.in )
Authors: P.C. Nautiyal, Ph.D. (firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com nl.nic.in )
Edited by AGSI/FAO: Danilo Mejia, PhD (Technical), Beverly Lewis (Language & Style),
Last reviewed: 07/06/2002