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FAO's position on the use of pesticides to combat fall armyworm
Pesticides play an important role in managing pests such as the Fall Armyworm, however they can
also pose unacceptable risks to human health and the environment. Pesticide risk reduction and risk
management are essential to the responsible use of pesticides.
FAO’S POSITION ON
THE USE OF PESTICIDES TO
COMBAT FALL ARMYWORM
The FAO/WHO International Code of Conduct on
Pesticide Management provides a framework
on pesticide management for...
Fall armyworm in Africa: FAO's position on the use of genetically modified (GM) maize
دودة الحشد الخريفية في أفريقيا:
موقف منظمة األغذية والزراعة لألمم
الذرة أصناف إستخدام من المتحدة
الشامية المعدلة وراثيًا
تحسني ] بأن املتحدة لألمم والزراعة األغذية منظمة تقر
املحاصيل من خالل التقنيات املبتكرة، مبا يف ذلك كالً من طرق
الرتبية التقليدية والتقنيات الحديثة هو نهج رضوري لتحقيق
زيادات مستدامة يف إنتاجية املحاصيل وبالتايل يسهم يف األمن
الحديثة التقنيات أن العلمية باألدلة التأكد تم الغذايئ. ولقد
Sustainable management of the Fall Armyworm in Africa: a framework for partnership
Sustainable management of the Fall Armyworm in Africa
A framework for partnership
(Version 2nd March 2018)
The Fall Armyworm (FAW) has invaded and quickly spread across Africa, infesting millions of
hectares of smallholder maize, millet, and sorghum fields. FAW can cause significant yield
losses if not well managed or in the absence of natural biological control. The direct actions
that can be taken to manage FAW are...
Citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis
Citrus longhorn beetle
The citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), is a non-native pest that is
extremely damaging to a wide range of broadleaved trees and shrubs. It is a quarantine
pest for the European Union. The natural range of the beetle includes China, Japan and
other countries in South East Asia. The main pathway of introduction of this pest into
Europe has been with ornamental...
A Citrus Whitefly Parasitoid, Encarsia lahorensis
(Howard) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) 1
Ru Nguyen 2
1. This document is EENY244 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circular No. 290), one of a series of the Department of Entomology and
Nematology, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2001. Revised December 2005. Reviewed April 2018. Visit the EDIS website at
2. Ru Nguyen, Florida...
GrowNote Durum West 1 Planning
VARIETY DEVELOPMENT | CHOOSING A SUITABLE VARIETY | DURUM WHEAT
AS A ROTATION CROP | PADDOCK SELECTION AND WEED CONTROL |
SEEDBED REQUIREMENTS | WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND SALT TOLERANCE |
GRAIN QUALITY | DISEASES AND PESTS
PLANNING AND PADDOCK
DURUM1 planning and paddock preparation
Section 1 DURUM
planning and paddock
1.1 Variety development
The release of durum wheat varieties...
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Defra PP Factsheet Oct 2016 FINAL4
Red palm weevil
Figure 1. Red palm weevil adult intercepted in the UK on a gourd imported from Sri Lanka © Fera
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a highly invasive pest of
palms that can have a significant economic, environmental and social impact when
introduced into new geographical areas. It is the most important pest of date palm
(Phoenix dactylifera) in the world and...
PLANT PEST NOTICE
Platanus lace bug
Fig. 1 Corythucha ciliata adult (Copyright James Turner)
During September and October 2006, the Plant Health and Seeds Inspectorate
visited two nurseries in Bedfordshire where they discovered lace bugs infesting
London plane (Platanus x acerifolia) and oriental plane (P. orientalis) trees imported
from France and Italy. Some of the infested...
paysandisia archon palm borer factsheet
Figure 1. Adult Paysandisia archon © J.C. Streito, LNPV -Entomologie, Montpellier (FR)
In August 2002, a large adult moth was o bserved in a private garden in W est Sussex.
Martin Honey (Natural History Museum, London) confirmed its identification as the South
American palm borer Paysandisia archon Burmeister (Lepidoptera: Castniidae). This was
the first discovery of this non -indigenous pest...
Otiorhynchus lavandus subsp .
In August 2016, specimens of a weevil species belonging to the genus Otiorhynchus
(Coleoptera: Cucurlionidae) collecte d from the site of a commercial soft fruit producer in
England were sent to Fera Science Ltd. for confirmatory diagnosis. Large numbers of
these weevils had been collected , together with O. sulcatus (Fabricius) (black vine weevil) ,
earlier in the summer in a...
What is it and
where is it found?
The Western corn rootworm,
Diabrotica virgifera virgiferais a
serious pest of maize (Zea mays).
It originated in North America but
was first discovered in Europe in
1992 in a small maize field near
Surcin airport, near Belgrade
(former Yugoslavia). It has spread
outward from the site of its first
introduction. Outbreaks have
been confirmed in countries such
as Italy, France, Belgium, the
Netherlands and the...
Figure 1. Colony of adult female Fletcher scales on Thuja
In June 2011 a mature Western red cedar Thuja plicatagrowing in a private garden
in central London, was found to be infested with Fletcher scale Parthenolecanium
fletcheri (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccidae), a North American scale insect that
feeds on Cypress conifers. This is the first time that Fletcher scale has been found
Brown Rot of Potato
Why the concern?
This is a quarantine disease of potato that is listed in the EC Plant Health Directive and is notifiable
in the UK. Yield losses are mostly caused by tuber rotting and, in many warmer areas of the world,
it is one of the main limiting factors in potato production. The effect on our seed-potato industry
could be substantial, especially for exports, if the disease became established in the UK. Once
What is it? Karnal bunt (also known as partial bunt) is a
quarantine disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum),
durum wheat (T. durum) and triticale
(x Triticosecale). It is caused by the fungal
pathogen Tilletia indica. The pathogen is not
present in the UK or in any EU member state.
However, it has been intercepted in grain
imports from countries already known to have
Karnal bunt. If the pathogen were to be
introduced it could establish...
Pitch canker, a disease that affects
many pine species, is caused by the
fungus Fusarium circinatum . This fun -
gus can also infect Douglas-fir, but
symptoms are usually limited to tip
Most pines native to California are sus -
ceptible to pitch canker, but Monterey
pine, Pinus radiata , is the most widely
affected host. The most recent severe
outbreak of this disease in California
was in populations of native bishop
Puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ) is an
aptly named summer annual found
widely in California. Native to south -
ern Europe, it can grow under a wide
range of conditions, but its success is
likely due to its ability to thrive in hot
and dry conditions where other plants
cannot. It can be a major problem in
orchards, pastures, turf, and along
roadsides and ditch banks. Although it
is known to be toxic to sheep, its main
weedy characteristic, as...
Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)
(Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1
M. C. Thomas, J. B. Heppner, R. E. Woodruff, H. V. Weems, G. J. Steck, and T. R. Fasulo 2
1. This document is EENY-214 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars 4, 230 and 273, updated for this publication), one of a series of the
Department of Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date July 2001....
VISUAL SOIL ASSESSMENT
97 89251059418 TC/D/I0007E/1/02.08/1000
ISBN 978-92-5-105941- 8
The present publication on Visual Soil Assessment is a practical
guide to carry out a quantitative soil analysis with reproduceable results
using only very simple tools. Besides soil parameters, also crop parameters
for assessing soil conditions are presented for some selected crops. The
Visual Soil Assessment manuals consist of a...
Paysandisia archon LoRes
The castniid palm borer, Paysandisia archon (Burmeister), is a Neotropical
pest of palm trees (Arecaceae). Native to South America (Argentina, Brazil,
Paraguay, Uruguay), it was first found in Europe in 2001, and it is currently
present in France, Italy, the Czech Republic, and Spain. Larvae have
been recorded feeding on palms in the following genera: Brahea, Butia,
Chamaerops , Cocos, Latania , Livistona, Phoenix, Sabal,...
Cameraria ohridella LoRes
The horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Deschka and Dimić, is a pest of
horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) across most of Europe. Larvae form blotch
mines in the leaves, causing characteristic brown patches across the leaf (Figs. 1, 3,
7), leaf death (Fig. 6), and early leaf drop. Despite the serious appearance of infected
trees (Fig. 3), damage by C. ohridella does not usually result in tree mortality. In...