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Management of rice Gundhi bug


20157800049.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Rice Gundhi Bug
Recognize the problem
The bug is about
19
mm in length with long legs and antennae. Its body is
slender and green or brown in colour. Eggs are laid on the leaves in groups of
10-20
in straight rows. Eggs are oval shaped and dark reddish brown. The
nymph is slender, wingless and brownish green. As it grows up, the green
colour...

plantwise.org

Management of rice hispa


20157800050.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Rice Hispa
Recognize the problem
Rice hispa is a very serious insect pest of rice, particularly in the Terai region of
Nepal. The adult is a small bluish black beetle, measuring
5
mm in length and
is recognized by numerous short spines on the body and forewings. Adults
scrape the areas between the veins giving a characteristic appearance of white...

plantwise.org

Management of slugs


20157800051.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Slugs
Recognize the problem
Slugs belong to the class Gastropoda of the Phyllum Mollusca. Different species
are reported in Nepal. Among them,
Limax
spp are commonly found and are
very problematic. Slugs are a serious pest of fruits, vegetables and ornamental
plants. They are soft-bodied molluscs without a shell. Their body length ranges
from 6 mm...

plantwise.org

Management of whitefly


20157800054.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Whitefly
Recognize the problem
Whitefly adults are tiny (about 1 mm long) moth-like insects. They are white to
slightly yellowish in colour and their bodies and both pairs of wings are covered
with a powdery and waxy secretion. They suck cell sap from the lower surface
of the leaves. The symptoms of whitefly infestation are yellowing of leaves,...

plantwise.org

Anthracnose disease of chilli


20147801435.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2013
Anthracnose disease of chilli
Recognize the problem
Anthracnose is one of the most serious fungal diseases in chilli. The disease
causes both pre and post-harvest fruit decay. The disease is characterised by
the appearance of small black circular spots on the skin of the fruits that
spread in the direction of the long axis, thus becoming more or less...

plantwise.org

Citrus gummosis


20147801443.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2013
Citrus gummosis
Recognize the problem
An early symptom of gummosis is sap oozing from small cracks in the infected
bark, giving the tree a bleeding appearance. Symptoms can be seen in fruit if
the disease is severe. Decline may occur may occur over several years or can
happen rapidly within a year, especially under conditions favourable for disease
development...

plantwise.org

Fruit and shoot borer management in Brinjal


20147801447.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
October
2013
Fruit and Shoot Borer Management in Brinjal
Recognize the problem
The fruit and shoot borer is a major pest of brinjal. Sometimes crops may lose
almost all severely attacked case in which it is very difficult to control it. The
moth is a medium sized adult with brown and red markings on the forewings.
Damaged fruits show circular entry holes and are not suitable...

plantwise.org

Litchi mites


20147801448.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2013
Litchi Mites
Recognize the problem
The adult mites are small, about 1.5 mm, whitish insects which live under the
surface of the leaves and are hardly visible with naked eye. Both nymphs and
adults suck the sap from the under surface of the leaves and cause brown
velvety growth. Pits form and develop into galls. Finally, the leaves curl and dry
up.
Background...

plantwise.org

Loose smut of wheat


20147801449.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
October
2013
Loose smut of Wheat
Recognize the problem
Fungus of loose smut survives as a dormant thread inside the embryo of wheat
seeds. The fungus is activated when the infected seed germinates, and it
extends towards the growing point of the plant. Evident from flowering
onwards, when the plant begins to form the head, the fungus invades all of the
young head tissue....

plantwise.org

Maize pink borer


20147801450.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS www.plantwise.org Created in Nepal , October 2013 Maize pink borer Recognize the problem The adult moth is medium sized with a stoutly build. It has straw coloured forewings with a mid longitudinal dark brown broad triangular streak. Hind wings are white. Other hosts include sorghum and sugarcane. 80-300 round, pearl-like yellowish eggs are laid in 2-3 longitudinal rows usually in the sheaths of the bottom leaves of young...

plantwise.org

Management of bacterial leaf blight of rice


20147801451.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2013
Management of bacterial leaf blight of rice
Recognize the problem
Bacterial blight is one of the most serious diseases of rice in the Terai region of
Nepal. However, it may also affect rice crops in the valley and mid hills. Wilting
of seedlings in early stage (kresek) and foliar blight can cause yield losses of
80-85%
and
30%
respectively.
Yellowish...

plantwise.org

Management or rice leaf folder


20147801456.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2013
Management of rice leaf folder
Recognize the problem
The adult rice leaf folder is a yellow-brown moth. Leaf folder caterpillars fold
the rice leaves around themselves and attach to the leaf margins. Each female
lays around 300 eggs at night, during a lifecycle of 3 to 10 days. Larvae are
yellow and about 12 - 25 mm long. As they mature, they turn yellowish...

plantwise.org

Apple woolly aphid


20147801436.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Apple Woolly Aphid
Recognize the problem
The Apply Woolly aphid is a serious pest. It reduces both the quality and yield
of apple due to regular sucking of all plant parts both above and below
ground.
Background
The aphids form densely packed colonies, covered with a white, waxy and hair-
like substance. They are found on the upper parts of the apple tree, and...

plantwise.org

Biocontrol of rice stem borer


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS www.plantwise.org Created in Nepal , September 2012 Biocontrol of Rice Stem borer Recognize the problem The rice stem borer is a moth and its larva feeds on the stem around the node causing the stem to break. The adult moth is about 1.2-1.9 cm long. It lays its eggs on the lower surface of the rice leaves. Newly hatched larvae eat into the stems and cause the central shoots of tillers to dry up. Ears become white with...

plantwise.org

Biological management of tomato fruit worm


20147801440.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Biological management of tomato fruit worm
Recognize the problem
The tomato fruit worm is a major problem of tomato. It causes losses of up to
60%. Adult moths are straw in colour and are 3-4cm in size. Worms are
greenish to brown in colour and are small to medium in size (2-3cm). Damage
occurs from fruit setting to ripening stage. Fruit worm damage makes the...

plantwise.org

Chilli thrips


20147801441.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Chilli Thrips
Recognize the problem
Thrips are a major insect pest of chilli. Thrips are too small to be seen by the
naked eye. They are sucking insects that damage the new leaves, stems and
fruit. They can fly from one plant to another. Attacked plants are stunted, do
not flower or fruit and their leaves curl. Thrips can cause losses of 70 -80%.
Background...

plantwise.org

Club root of cole crops


20147801444.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Club root of Cole Crops
Recognize the problem
The disease club root is caused by a fungus. The diseased plants become weak
and stunted, and show temporary wilting symptoms during sunny days. The
roots are swollen in to lumpy club-like galls.
Background
Club root is an economically important disease in all cole crops. Once the
disease appears, its control is...

plantwise.org

Damping off in vegetable nurseries


20147801446.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Damping off in vegetable nurseries
Recognize the problem
Damping off is a common disease which occurs mostly in the seedling stage of
vegetables in the nursery. It can kill seedlings very quickly. This disease is
caused by soil-borne fungi and attacks many crops (e.g. cole crops, tomato and
chillies). Symptoms on the stem include brown water sunken lesions at...

plantwise.org

Management of brown planthopper in rice


20147801452.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Management of Brown Planthopper in rice
Recognize the problem
The brown planthopper (BPH) is an insect pest of rice in Terai. BPH is a small
brown insect found mainly on the base of rice plants above the water level.
Adults and young suck the plant sap from leaf sheathes, causing yellowing of
lower and then upper leaves. Whole areas can die in patches which are...

plantwise.org

Management of citrus fruit fly


20147801453.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
September
2012
Management of Citrus fruit fly
Recognize the problem
Fruit fly is one of the most serious pests of citrus. It causes the fruit to turn
yellow and drop early. The fly is as big as housefly. It is yellow in colour with
dark brown to black markings on the segment where the wings are attached.
Background
Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a...

plantwise.org

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