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Biocontrol of sugarcane stem borer


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Pakistan, June 2014
Biocontrol of Sugarcane stem borer
Recognize the problem
Stem borer caterpillars can damage up to 80% of a sugarcane field. They
cause great economic loss for farmers because the sugarcane loses up to 30%
of its sugar content. They attack mainly during the months of April to June.
The caterpillar is dirty or creamy white, has five dark lines across its back and
is about half...

plantwise.org

Cultural control of cucurbit armyworm


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Pakistan, June 2014
Cultural control of Cucurbit Armyworm
Recognize the problem
Armyworm is a leaf feeder of cucurbits and can cause large economic losses to
farmers, as the insect eats very quickly.
The moth lays eggs in clusters under the leaf. The larvae is generally green
with a black ring around the head. They are the size of a small finger when
fully grown. When they appear on the crop,...

plantwise.org

Management of rice Gundhi bug


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Rice Gundhi Bug
Recognize the problem
The bug is about
19
mm in length with long legs and antennae. Its body is
slender and green or brown in colour. Eggs are laid on the leaves in groups of
10-20
in straight rows. Eggs are oval shaped and dark reddish brown. The
nymph is slender, wingless and brownish green. As it grows up, the green
colour...

plantwise.org

Management of rice hispa


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Rice Hispa
Recognize the problem
Rice hispa is a very serious insect pest of rice, particularly in the Terai region of
Nepal. The adult is a small bluish black beetle, measuring
5
mm in length and
is recognized by numerous short spines on the body and forewings. Adults
scrape the areas between the veins giving a characteristic appearance of white...

plantwise.org

Management of whitefly


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Nepal
,
May
2014
Management of Whitefly
Recognize the problem
Whitefly adults are tiny (about 1 mm long) moth-like insects. They are white to
slightly yellowish in colour and their bodies and both pairs of wings are covered
with a powdery and waxy secretion. They suck cell sap from the lower surface
of the leaves. The symptoms of whitefly infestation are yellowing of leaves,...

plantwise.org

Fruit fly of guava


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS www.plantwise.org Created in Bangladesh , September 2013 Fruit Fly of Guava Recognize the problem The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. The top of the body (near the head) is black with yellow patches and the rest of the body is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark. The head has two black spots which sometimes connect to each other in the middle. The wings are...

plantwise.org

Direct seeding of rice


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Direct seeding of rice
Recognize the problem
Conventional rice sowing is difficult and yield is reduced because of:

a shortage of irrigation water

not enough labour at the time of transplanting

not maintaining the recommended plant population (80,000 plants/acre)

electricity shortage and high fuel prices
Background
Direct seeding is becoming...

plantwise.org

Dusky cotton bug


20147801357.jpg

FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Dusky Cotton Bug
Recognize the problem
Though the bug sucks cell sap from leaves, flowers and growing soft tissues of
upper stem, the main damage is when they get crushed at the time of ginning,
thus staining the lint and decreasing the market value of the cotton. The bugs
suck the sap in groups from the immature seed which consequently do not
ripen and...

plantwise.org

Mango hopper


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Mango Hopper
Recognize the problem
The mango hopper is a major insect pest of mango. The hoppers make holes
and suck the nutrients from soft tissues of panicles, leaves, flowers, fruits and
fresh twigs. Hoppers also release sweet liquid onto the leaves, on which a
black coloured fungus develops, which reduces the strength of the plant. Heavy
attacks cause...

plantwise.org

Leptochloa chinensis - A serious weed of rice


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Leptochloa chinensis- A serious weed of rice
Recognize the problem
Its common name is Lamb grass or Jangli grass. It is also found in India,
Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is a tufted, smooth grass that reaches up to the
height of your chest. It has a slender, hollow, erect stem growing up from a
branching base. The stem is smooth and hairless.
Background
This...

plantwise.org

Stem rust of wheat


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Stem rust of wheat
Recognize the problem
Stem rust is caused by a fungus. The fungus produces symptoms on almost all
above-ground parts of the plant, especially the stem and leaf sheathes. At the
initial stages of the disease, long, narrow streaks of red, dusty spots (pustules)
are formed on all green parts of the plant. These spots are brick red in the...

plantwise.org

Sudden death of mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Sudden death in mango
Recognize the problem
The first sign of the disease is the oozing of the bark. This is followed
progressively by the development of cankers on the trunk, rotting and
blackening of the bark, the splitting of the trunk, and the drying and curling of
twigs and branches. Finally, the leaves are shed from the tree.
Collapse of mango plants...

plantwise.org

Sugarcane pyrilla


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Sugarcane Pyrilla
Recognize the problem
The sugarcane Pyrilla, also known as as sugarcane leafhopper, is the most
destructive sucking pest of sugarcane in Pakistan. Adults are white in colour
initially but turn straw colour later on. Young grubs are pale to light brown in
colour. Eggs are white, oval-shaped and can easily be seen on the underside of
leaves...

plantwise.org

Gram pod borer


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Gram Pod Borer
Recognize the problem
The fresh eggs are yellowish, shiny and lay singly on all parts of plant. The
larva is long, hairy and changes different colour. The larvae have
3
streaks on
their back. At the beginning the young grubs feed on green leaves, but then
feed on flower buds and pods.
The adult is light pale brownish yellow stout moth...

plantwise.org

Wheat aphid


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.org
Created in
Pakistan
,
December
2012
Wheat Aphid
Recognize the problem
Aphids can cause significant losses in cereal crops. Adults are yellow green and the
same size as ants. Younger ones are the same shape but smaller. The pest is present
on the spikes and leaves from February to March. The adults feed on the sap and
deposit a sugary and sticky liquid that covers the leaves and makes them black...

plantwise.org

How to manage Parthenium - Poster


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KNOWLEDGE FOR LIFE
Parthenium is a toxic weed which is invading Pakistan. It can be harmful to people,
crops, livestock and the environment so it is important to control it and ‘root it out’.
How to manage...
Don’t bring Parthenium onto your land or spread it.
• Plant certified seed not contaminated with Parthenium
• Wash machinery, vehicles and tools before and after using in the
field
• Don’t pack fruit and vegetables with Parthenium or...

plantwise.org

Parthenium: impacts and coping strategies in Central West Asia: evidence note, March 2019


Parthenium-Evidence-note_FINAL.jpg

KNOWLEDGE FOR LIFE
Parthenium: Impacts and coping
strategies in C entral West Asia
Evidence Note (March 2019 )1
Acknowledgements
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the UK’s Department for
International Development (DFID ) and the Netherlands’ Directorate -General for International
Cooperation (DGIS) for CABI’s Action on Invasives Programme, as part of which this
Evidence Note was produced. The views expressed...

invasive-species.org

IN51100


IN51100.jpg

EENY-243
A Citrus Blackfly Parasitoid, Amitus hesperidum Silvestri
(Insecta: Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) 1
Ru Nguyen 2
1. This document is EENY-243, one of a series of the Department of Entomology and Nematology, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date October
2001. Revised November 2011. Reviewed April 2018. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu . This document is also available on the Featured
Creatures website at http...

edis.ifas.ufl.edu

IN42700


IN42700.jpg

EENY244
A Citrus Whitefly Parasitoid, Encarsia lahorensis
(Howard) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) 1
Ru Nguyen 2
1. This document is EENY244 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circular No. 290), one of a series of the Department of Entomology and
Nematology, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2001. Revised December 2005. Reviewed April 2018. Visit the EDIS website at
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu .
2. Ru Nguyen, Florida...

edis.ifas.ufl.edu

GrowNote Sunflower North 04 Physiology


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PLANT GROWTH STAGES | KEY DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF SUNFLOWER |
SUNFLOWER PHENOLOGY | DRIVERS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT |
ADVERSE EFFECTS ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT | PHOTOS OF STAGES
OF SUNFLOWER DEVELOPMENT | REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING
NOR THERN
SECTION 4
PLANT GROWTH
AND PHYSIOLOGY
FEBRUARY 2017
SUNFLOWER1 Plant growth anD PhysIology
seCtIon 4 SUNFLOWERS
February 2017
Plant growth and
physiology
4.1 Plant growth stages
The time...

grdc.com.au

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