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Leafminer monitoring for cucurbits


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Pakistan, June 2014
Leafminer monitoring for cucurbits
Recognize the problem
The leafminer is a destructive pest of cucurbits. Adult miners are small yellow
and black shiny flies. The young insects (larvae) are pale and then darken to
yellow as they mature.
Leafminers attack the plant by creating mines in the leaves where they feed on
the leaf tissue. This damage reduces the effectiveness of...

plantwise.org

Calcium against blossom end rot of chillies & tomatoes


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Pakistan, June 2014
Calcium against Blossom end rot of Chillies and
TomatoesRecognize the problem
Blossom end rot of chillies and tomatoes is a problem that is caused by calcium
deficiency. During blossom end rot, the skin of the fruit becomes fragile. The
skin at the end of the fruit where the flower grew splits, rots and develops a
circular spot. The rot causes the skin of the fruit to turn...

plantwise.org

Chemical control of aphids in mango


Grain storage in metal silos against insect pests


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2014
Grain storage in metal silos against insect pests
Recognize the problem
Major storage pests include the common maize weevil (also called the greater
grain weevil, Busumpe in Tonga language and Impese in Bemba language) and
the larger grain borer (also called Chidonkola mapwe). These pests eat lots of
cereal grains when they have been in storage for six months or longer. Some...

plantwise.org

Intercrop cabbage with onion against aphids


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2014
Intercrop cabbage with onion against aphids
Recognize the problem
Aphids are very small soft-bodied roundish insects of about 1 to 3 mm in
length. The body colour varies from yellow to green to brown to purple. They
live on most fruits, vegetables and ornamentals. Aphids feed by sucking sap
from the plant. In cabbage, they are found on the leaves where they feed and
cause...

plantwise.org

Tolerant bean varieties against stem maggots


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, July 2014
Tolerant bean varieties against stem maggots
Recognize the problem
The bean stem maggot, also called bean fly, is a small shiny fly. It is only 2mm
long and has transparent wings. The larvae, which are small and yellowish, can
be seen by opening the stem. They attack susceptible bean varieties and late-
planted beans. Most of the time, the pest lives inside the bean plant....

plantwise.org

Rice-short-horned grasshopper


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Cambodia, October 2014 (Revised November 2016)
Rice Short-horned Grasshopper
Recognize the problem
Short-horned grasshoppers and oriental migratory locusts feed on leaf margins
by cutting out areas on leaves and cut-off panicles. A clear distinction between
grasshopper and locust damage as compared to damage caused by other leaf
feeders is the characteristic feeding marks on leaves and shoots,...

plantwise.org

Rice false smut


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Cambodia, November 2014 (Revised November 2016)
Rice False Smut
Recognize the problem
Outbreaks of false smut generally occur during periods of high humidity.
Normally only a few grains in a panicle are affected and the attack usually
takes place when the grains are mature. The fungus transforms individual rice
grains into large spherical balls containing spores. These spore balls are initially...

plantwise.org

Rice field rat


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Cambodia, October 2014 (Revised November 2016)
Rice Field Rat
Recognize the problem
Many species of rat may damage and cause losses in rice fields. The damage
caused by rats may start in the seedbeds. Rice seeds may be eaten as soon as
they are broadcast. Later, young emerged seedlings are eaten as well. The
feeding damage on the rice stem by the rice field rats may resemble insect
damage from...

plantwise.org

Rice hispa


Herbicides against weeds in soybeans


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, December 2014
Herbicides against weeds in soybeans
Recognize the problem
Weeds compete with soybean for light, space, water and nutrients. Soybean plants are
quickly overgrown. If weeds are not controlled on time, soybean yield will be very low.
Background
Most weeds can be controlled mechanically by pulling out, harrowing, or tillage. Some
serious weeds can be chemically controlled. Be...

plantwise.org

Copper against bacterial black spot in mango


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, December 2014
Copper against bacterial black spot in mango
Recognize the problem
Many small black water-soaked spots on mango fruits and leaves can be
caused by bacteria. This is the so-called bacterial black spot disease. Spots
appear on the leaves, stems and fruits. On the leaves the spots are black and
water-soaked. They tend to be angular because they are restrained by the
veins....

plantwise.org

Cultural control of root nematodes in coffee


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, December 2014
Cultural control of root nematodes in coffee
Recognize the problem
Root-knot nematodes are roundworms that live in the soil and attack coffee
roots. They are microscopic, so you cannot see them. They damage the roots.
They cause the roots to swell, produce tiny galls, and crack. The damage
hinders transport of water and nutrients from roots to the upper plant. This
results...

plantwise.org

Protect African eggplant from anthracnose


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Zambia, September 2014
Protect African eggplant from anthracnose
Recognize the problem
Anthracnose is a fungal disease. It causes grey, dark, sunken lesions on leaves,
stems, flowers, and fruits. On leaves, anthracnose appears first as small,
irregular yellow or brown flat longish spots along veins. Spots darken with age
and expand. On fruits, it produces large grey-dark, sunken spots. In moist...

plantwise.org

Prevention of false smut on rice


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Prevention of False Smut on Rice
Recognize the problem
False smut causes yellowish to orange small balls to develop on the grains
which later turn black. The incidence of false smut is increasing more and more
among rice growers, especially among small seed productive farmers. This is
due to changing weather conditions and continuous rice cropping.
Background
False...

plantwise.org

Fusarium wilt on chilli


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Fusarium wilt on chilli
Recognize the problem
Fusarium causes wilting and drying of chilli plants. The disease is difficult to
control effectively because it is soil-borne and can spread to other fields. This
disease is common in several crops.
Background
Chilli is an export crop which can provide a high income for farmers. Infection
with Fusarium can result in yield...

plantwise.org

Prevention of spotted pod borer on beans


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Prevention of Spotted Pod Borer on beans
Recognize the problem
The spotted pod borer feeds on several beans and peas apart from
chickpeas. Larvae web together the bean leaves, flowers, buds and new
shoots, then feed inside on these plant parts, protected by the webbing. This
causes new shoots and buds to appear dry. The larvae also make holes in the
pods and feed...

plantwise.org

Preparation of neem solution


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Preparation of neem solution
Recognize the problem
Neem solution is a botanical pesticide that can be used for the control of
insects, including many caterpillars.
Background
• Neem pesticide is environmental friendly because it has no residual
effects. Moreover, it can be easy to prepare and the cost is very low for
the farmer.
• Neem is less toxic to living...

plantwise.org

Prevention of brown planthopper by conserving natural enemies


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Prevention of Brown Planthopper by Conserving Natural Enemies
Recognize the problem
In the past 10 years, the Brown planthopper (BPH) was considered one of
the minor pests in rice but more recently it has become one of the most
serious. This is due to the misuse of pesticides during early-season spraying of
rice in the field.
Background
Nowadays, farmers use...

plantwise.org

Soil management to reduce bacterial foot rot on rice


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FACTSHEETS FOR FARMERS
www.plantwise.orgCreated in Myanmar [Burma], June 2014
Soil Management to Reduce Bacterial Foot Rot on Rice
Recognize the problem
The first symptom of infection is the development of small water-soaked
lesions on the leaf sheath. The bacteria spread into nodes, stems and roots.
Finally, the stems turn black, rot and may collapse. The leaf blade also turns
yellow and produces a rotten smell which is typical for the disease...

plantwise.org

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